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Table 3 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of factors associated with neonate death in Ethiopia (EDHS, 2016)

From: Neonatal mortality and associated factors in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional population-based study

Selected predictors Model I   Model II  
  COR CI AOR CI
Women's autonomy     
A decision on own health care     
 Involvement of respondents 1.00   1.00  
 Without the involvement of respondents(ref.) 1.91* 1.02, 3.59 2.72** 1.41, 5.24
Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics     
Residence     
 Urban    0.52 0.23, 1.20
 Rural (ref.)    1.00  
Respondents age group in years     
 < 25    0.61 0.31, 1.19
 25–29    1.00 0.63, 1.59
 30 or older (ref.)    1.00  
Religion     
 Orthodox    1.19 0.57, 2.45
 Muslim    1.94 0.99, 3.77
 Others (ref.)    1.000  
Highest level of husbands/partner education     
 No education    1.52 0.49, 4.72
 Primary    1.65 0.53, 5.15
 Secondary    0.77 0.18, 3.25
 Higher (ref.)    1.00  
Wealth index of the family     
 Poor    0.83 0.44, 1.54
 Medium    1.03 0.52, 2.04
 Rich (ref.)    1.00  
Availability of toilet facility     
 No    1.12 0.68, 1.84
 Yes (ref.)    1.00  
Source of drinking water     
 Unimproved    0.70 0.45, 1.11
 Improved (ref.)    1.00  
Reproductive history and neonate healthcare service-related characteristics     
Place of delivery     
 Health facility    0.61* 0.38, 0.97
 Respondents home    1.00  
Preceding birth interval in years     
 < 2    1.62 0.95, 2.74
 2–3    1.08 0.66, 1.77
 4or more (ref.)    1.00  
Age at first birth     
 < 18    0.48 0.16, 1.49
 18–25    0.32* 0.10, 0.99
 26+ (ref.)    1.00  
Sex of child     
 Male    1.84** 1.20, 2.81
 Female (ref.)    1.00  
Plurality     
 Single    0.09*** 0.05, 0.18
 Multiple (ref.)    1.00  
Breastfeeding status     
 Immediate    0.17*** 0.12, 0.26
 Not immediate (ref.)    1.00  
PNC check-up within two months     
 No    5.48* 1.29, 23.26
 Yes (ref.)    1.00  
Constant 0.014***   0.05*  
− 2log likelihood 1026.77   861.51  
Cox and Snell R square 0.001   0.033  
  1. ***Significant at p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05