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Table 2 Respondent characteristics according to breast cancer screening participationa

From: Relationship of attitudes toward uncertainty and preventive health behaviors with breast cancer screening participation

  Breast cancer screening participation p χ2
Yes (N = 204) No (N = 504)
n % ASRb n % ASRb
Age (years)
 40–49 49 24.0 0.0 121 24.0 0.0 0.076 8.46
 50–59 65 31.9 2.5 115 22.8  − 2.5   
 60–69 51 25.0  − 0.3 132 26.2 0.3   
 70–79 34 16.7  − 1.9 116 23.0 1.9   
 80–85 5 2.5  − 1.0 20 4.0 1.0   
Family type
 Living with family 187 91.7 2.0 435 86.3  − 2.0 0.048 3.91
 Living alone 17 8.3  − 2.0 69 13.7 2.0   
Marital status
 Married 161 78.9 1.4 372 73.8  − 1.4 0.153 2.04
 Single 43 21.1  − 1.4 132 26.2 1.4   
Children
 ≥ 1 141 69.1 3.7 273 54.2  − 3.7 0.000 13.37
 None 63 30.9  − 3.7 231 45.8 3.7   
Level of education completed
 Junior or senior high school graduate 122 59.8 1.3 327 64.9 1.3 0.004 11.18
 Junior college or vocational school graduate 54 26.5 3.2 81 16.1  − 3.2   
 University or graduate school graduate 28 13.7  − 1.7 96 19.0 1.7   
Type of employment
 Regular 29 14.2 1.8 48 9.5  − 1.8 0.000 48.75
 Precarious 93 45.6 5.4 126 25.0  − 5.4   
 Self-employed 15 7.4  − 5.5 130 25.8 5.5   
 Unemployed 67 32.8  − 1.7 200 39.7 1.7   
Relative poverty
 Poorc 11 5.4  − 3.1 68 13.5 3.1 0.002 9.61
 Not poord 193 94.6 3.1 436 86.5  − 3.1   
Received medical treatment in the past year
 Yes 114 55.9 2.3 234 46.4  − 2.3 0.023 5.19
 No 90 44.1  − 2.3 270 53.6 2.3   
Smoking status
 Smoker 10 4.9  − 5.7 115 22.8 5.7 0.000 32.06
 Non-smoker 194 95.1 5.7 389 77.2  − 5.7   
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 45 22.1  − 4.1 192 38.1 4.1 0.000 16.77
 No 159 77.9 4.1 312 61.9  − 4.1   
Weekly exercise
 Yes 49 24.0 0.2 118 23.4  − 0.2 0.863 0.03
 No 155 76.0  − 0.2 386 76.6 0.2   
  1. aChi-squared test and ASRs
  2. bASR: adjusted standardized residual
  3. cYearly household disposable income per month < 122,000 yen
  4. dYearly household disposable income ≥ 122,000 yen