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Table 1 Intimate partner violence prevalence and univariate logistic regression odds ratios for region, age group, residence, socioeconomic status and educational level for respondent

From: Bayesian semi-parametric spatial modelling of intimate partner violence in Namibia using 2013 Demographic Health Survey Data

Variable   IPV prevalence Weighted unadjusted odds ratios
Region N n Weighted % 95% CI ORs 95% CI p values
Whole country 1447 497 33.3 30.1–36.5    
Oshana 77 11 11.5 3.2–19.9 Ref   
Omusati 61 12 17.1 6.4–27.8 1.65 0.54–5.02 0.376
Ohangwena 67 17 19.5 9.3–29.8 1.93 0.67–5.57 0.221
Kunene 117 30 24.8 15.1–34.5 2.60 0.98–6.84 0.054
Oshikoto 80 34 43.2 30.3–56.2 6.04 2.26–16.17  < 0.001*
Hardap 111 35 31.8 22.1–41.5 3.58 1.43–8.96 0.006*
!Karas 113 42 37.9 27.4–48.3 4.67 1.87–11.66 0.001*
Erongo 160 46 27.9 19.9–35.9 2.93 1.20–7.14 0.018*
Khomas 134 47 34.4 24.3–44.4 3.95 1.59–9.82 0.003*
Omaheke 121 47 38.3 27.4–49.2 4.88 1.91–12.50 0.001*
Zambezi 131 48 36.2 27.1–45.2 4.46 1.79–11.11 0.001*
Otjozonjupa 126 51 42.9 32.5–53.3 5.81 2.33–14.45  < 0.001*
Kavango 149 77 50.6 41.2–60.1 8.13 3.27–20.23  < 0.001*
Residence
Urban 763 260 32.8 28.3–37.3 Ref   
Rural 684 237 33.9 29.6–38.3 1.05 0.79–1.39 0.732
Age group in years
15–19 33 17 60.8 36.9–84.7 Ref   
20–24 169 61 33.4 24.2–42.6 0.32 0.12–0.90 0.031*
25–29 268 86 31.5 24.3–38.7 0.30 0.11–0.80 0.017*
30–34 297 101 33.1 26.2–39.9 0.32 0.12–0.86 0.023*
35–39 267 95 33.3 25.9–40.7 0.32 0.12–0.87 0.026*
40–44 235 76 32.3 23.8–40.7 0.31 0.11–0.85 0.023*
45–49 178 61 32.1 23.4–40.7 0.30 0.11–0.84 0.022*
Educational level
No formal education 122 50 47.1 35.3–58.9 Ref   
Primary 349 137 37.5 31.1–43.9 0.67 0.39–1.16 0.152
Secondary 854 282 31.6 27.6–35.6 0.52 0.31–0.86 0.010*
Higher 122 28 26.1 14.2–38.0 0.39 0.18–0.85 0.018*
Partner’s educational level
No formal education 189 64 36.1 26.5–45.6 Ref   
Primary 274 106 34.9 27.3–42.6 1.04 0.59–1.81 0.902
Secondary 775 260 34.5 30.1–38.9 0.98 0.60–1.60 0.931
Higher 148 38 19.7 11.5–27.9 0.44 0.22–0.88 0.020*
Don’t know 58 28 42.3 27.0–57.5 1.65 0.76–3.59 0.203
Wealth index level
Poorest 257 99 37.2 30.2–44.2 Ref   
Poorer 272 93 31.8 24.5–39.2 0.79 0.50–1.24 0.300
Middle 304 105 30.0 23.4–36.6 0.72 0.47–1.11 0.142
Richer 283 107 40.1 32.8–47.4 1.13 0.74–1.73 0.570
Richest 331 93 29.0 21.8–36.2 0.69 0.44–1.09 0.111
  1. *Implies statistical significance i.e. p < 0.05