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Table 4 Multidrug resistance patterns of isolated bacterial uropathogens among pregnant women attended an ANC clinic at HFSUH, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia, from November 2017 to January 2018

From: Prevalence of bacterial uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among pregnant women in Eastern Ethiopia: hospital-based cross-sectional study

Antimicrobial agentsa Total bacterial isolates (N = 31)# Total(N = 31)(%)
Escherichia coli (N = 14) Proteus spp. (N = 7) Klebsiella pneumoniae (N = 5) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (N = 2) Staphylococcus aureus (N = 3)
R3       
 AMC + CTX + NA 1 - 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + F - 1 1
 AMC + AMP + CIP + SXT 1 1
 AMC + CRO + CAZ + NA 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NOR + CIP + SXT 1 1
 NA + NOR + CIP + CRO + CAZ + SXT 1 1
 Total 2 1 2 1 0 6(19.4)
R4       
 AMC + AMP + CAZ + SXT + NA 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NOR + CIP + CRO + SXT 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + NOR + CIP + SXT + C 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + NOR + CN + CRO + CAZ 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + NOR + CIP + CRO + CAZ + SXT 1 1
 Total 1 2 1 0 1 5(16.1)
R5       
 AMC + NA + CRO + CAZ + SXT + C 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + CRO + CAZ + SXT + C 1 1
 AMC + AMP + NA + NOR + CIP + CRO + CAZ + SXT + C 2 2
 Total 2 2 0 0 0 4(12.9)
R6 AMC + AMP + NOR + CIP + AK + CN + CAZ + SXT + C       
  1 1(3.2)
  1. AMC, amoxicillin-clavulanate; AMP, ampicillin; NOR, norfloxacin; CIP, ciprofloxacin; CN, gentamicin; AK, amikacin; CRO, ceftriaxone; CAZ, ceftazidime; SXT, cotrimoxazole; C, chloramphenicol; NA, nalixidic acid; F, nitrofurantoin
  2. ‘–’ Denotes 0(0); #R0 = only 8 isolates were vsusceptible to all antimicrobial agents; R3, R4, R5, R6: Resistance to three, four, five, and six antimicrobials belongs to different structural classes respectively
  3. aClasses of antimicrobials are: (1) AMC/AMP; (2) CRO/CAZ; (3) NA/NOR/CIP; (4) CN/AK;(5) SXT; (6) C; (7) F