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Table 2 Health communication and role models during the transition to womanhood

From: Diné (Navajo) female perspectives on mother–daughter communication and cultural assets around the transition to womanhood: a cross-sectional survey

  N (%) Community A Community B p-value
When you were a young girl (8–11 years old), who did you look up to most? (Circle one.)     
 One response (N = 144)     0.78
  Mother 61 (42.4%) 29 32  
  Father 8 (5.6%) 3 5  
  Grandmother 34 (23.6%) 15 19  
  Older sister 16 (11.1%) 6 10  
  Aunt 12 (8.3%) 65 79  
  Friends 3 (2.1%) 1 2  
  Other 10 (6.9%) 7 3  
 Two or more responses (N = 54)a     0.60
  Mother 44 (81.5%) 27 17  
  Father 20 (37.0%) 13 7  
  Grandmother 31 (57.4%) 24 7  
  Older sister 17 (31.5%) 12 5  
  Aunt 21 (38.9%) 15 6  
  Friends 9 (16.7%) 5 4  
  Other 4 (7.4%) 4 0  
How old were you when someone first spoke to you about your period? 200    0.15
 Younger than 8 years old 24 (12.0%) 8 16  
 8–9 years old 30 (15.0%) 15 15  
 10–11 years old 58 (29.0%) 36 22  
 12–13 years old 36 (18.0%) 17 19  
 14–15 years old 19 (9.5%) 11 8  
 16 years old or older 9 (4.5%) 4 5  
 I don’t remember 21 (10.5%) 8 13  
 Did not answer 3 (1.5%) 3 0  
Remembering back to when you had your first period, did you feel comfortable talking to your mother about what you were going through? 200    0.77
 Yes 120 (60.0%) 58 62  
 No 62 (31.0%) 33 29  
 Prefer not to answer (or not applicable) 16 (8.0%) 10 6  
 Did not answer 2 (1.0%) 1 1  
  1. a27% of respondents circled more than 1 answer