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Table 2 Association of demographic and reproductive factors with the severity of menopausal symptoms. Total scores that represent the severity of symptoms were obtained by summing all subscale scores

From: The association between reproductive history and menopausal symptoms: an evidence from the cross-sectional survey

Characteristics   Somatic symptoms Psychological symptoms Urogenital symptoms Total
Menopausal status Premenopausal 11.17 ± 5.01 19.97 ± 8.48 9.87 ± 4.01 46.96 ± 14.51
Perimenopausal 20.61 ± 6.02 23.21 ± 7.64 10.67 ± 3.58 54.48 ± 13.53
postmenopausal 21.43 ± 6.38 23.05 ± 8.69 13.68 ± 3.96 58.17 ± 15.55
p value* 0.001 0.004 0.001 0.001
Age Below 40 18.11 ± 4.81 22.26 ± 8.58 10.83 ± 3.89 51.20 ± 14.40
40–50 19.97 ± 6.77 22.51 ± 8.44 10.02 ± 4.01 52.50 ± 16.02
Over 50 20.98 ± 6.10 21.46 ± 8.20 13.61 ± 3.74 56.06 ± 14.78
p value* 0.032 0.687 0.001 0.132
BMI Below 25 18.84 ± 5.54 20.09 ± 7.63 12.19 ± 4.06 51.12 ± 13.86
25–30 18.89 ± 6.10 21.56 ± 8.03 11.44 ± 4.34 51.89 ± 15.18
Over 30 20.89 ± 6.17 23.33 ± 8.84 11.13 ± 4.05 55.35 ± 15.59
p value* 0.045 0.139 0.425 0.174
Age of menarche Below 13 19.92 ± 6.13 21.59 ± 7.78 11.58 ± 4.19 53.09 ± 14.83
Over 13 19.39 ± 6.09 23.09 ± 9.42 11.09 ± 4.14 53.58 ± 16.06
p value** 0.588 0.494 0.421 0.977
Age of first pregnancy Below 20 21.33 ± 5.86 23.42 ± 8.16 12.33 ± 4.24 57.09 ± 14.47
Over 20 19.57 ± 6.20 22.20 ± 9.04 11.67 ± 4.23 53.45 ± 15.40
p value** 0.025 0.18 0.342 0.042
Parity Nulliparous 16.30 ± 5.03 18.57 ± 6.46 8.65 ± 2.53 43.53 ± 12.51
1–3 20.37 ± 5.97 22.64 ± 8.64 11.58 ± 4.17 54.59 ± 14.87
4–7 21.25 ± 6.55 24.09 ± 8.29 14.19 ± 3.82 59.53 ± 14.75
p value* 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
Number of abortions No 18.73 ± 5.55 21.54 ± 8.04 11.19 ± 4.20 51.46 ± 14.66
1–2 22.25 ± 6.60 23.27 ± 8.68 11.83 ± 3.87 57.35 ± 15.11
3–4 21.73 ± 7.55 24.27 ± 11.12 12.64 ± 5.12 58.64 ± 19.38
p value* 0.002 0.378 0.406 0.028
Number of children 0 18.53 ± 5.97 19.48 ± 7.01 10.61 ± 4.09 48.63 ± 14.30
1 20.17 ± 5.73 22.62 ± 8.79 11.78 ± 4.18 54.58 ± 14.62
2 20.28 ± 6.51 23.96 ± 8.69 12.05 ± 4.24 56.29 ± 16.24
3 22.08 ± 6.45 26.23 ± 8.49 11.38 ± 3.99 59.69 ± 13.17
p value* 0.111 0.002 0.140 0.004
Type of delivery No delivery 16.30 ± 5.03 18.57 ± 6.46 8.65 ± 2.53 43.53 ± 12.51
Cesarean section (CS) 19.44 ± 5.05 22.55 ± 8.25 11.16 ± 4.05 53.14 ± 13.32
Natural childbirth (NC) 20.62 ± 6.35 22.92 ± 8.94 12.53 ± 4.48 56.07 ± 15.82
CS + NC 22.88 ± 6.85 23.73 ± 8.34 12.61 ± 3.42 59.23 ± 15.12
p value* 0.001 0.013 0.001 0.001
Gynecological surgery history Yes 20.45 ± 6.19 22.32 ± 7.82 11.60 ± 4.08 54.36 ± 14.33
No 18.79 ± 5.89 21.80 ± 9.12 11.17 ± 4.30 51.77 ± 16.30
p value** 0.039 0.232 0.369 0.087
History of using hormonal contraception Yes 20.25 ± 5.89 22.82 ± 8.71 12.09 ± 4.44 55.17 ± 14.76
No 19.11 ± 6.33 21.21 ± 7.90 10.59 ± 3.68 50.92 ± 15.52
p value** 0.086 0.211 0.017 0.023
  1. BMI: body mass index; data has been shown in form of \(\overline{X}\) ± S.D (Mean ± Standard deviation). The p value is a test for a difference between the mean of continuous variables, and for a difference between the categorical variables. The asterisk by the p values indicates which tests are ''*Kruskal-Wallis'' or ''**Mann-Whitney''