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Table 1 Background characteristics of early adult and early middle-aged women by child marriage

From: Child marriage and risky health behaviors: an analysis of tobacco use among early adult and early middle-aged women in India

  Early adulthood (22–34) Early middle age (35–44) All (22–44)
No child marriage Child marriage No child marriage Child marriage No child marriage Child marriage
Share (%)
Tobacco use
 Any tobacco 4.62 7.88 9.42 12.63 6.26 9.89
(4.44, 4.80) (7.62, 8.14) (9.05, 9.79) (12.26, 13.00) (6.08, 6.44) (9.65, 10.13)
 Smoking only 0.66 1.27 1.64 2.51 1.00 1.8
(0.60, 0.73) (1.17, 1.37) (1.50, 1.78) (2.35, 2.67) (0.93, 1.07) (1.70, 1.89)
 Smokeless only 3.86 6.46 7.52 9.76 5.11 7.85
(3.70, 4.02) (6.22, 6.69) (7.18, 7.87) (9.43, 10.09) (4.94, 5.28) (7.64, 8.07)
 Dual use 0.1 0.15 0.26 0.36 0.15 0.24
(0.07, 0.12) (0.13, 0.18) (0.20, 0.31) (0.31, 0.42) (0.13, 0.18) (0.21, 0.27)
Education
 No education 20.57 37.25 36.83 53.22 26.13 44.01
(20.19, 20.95) (36.76, 37.74) (36.18, 37.49) (52.63, 53.81) (25.76, 26.50) (43.60, 44.41)
 Primary 12.44 19.03 14.24 17.97 13.06 18.58
(12.15, 12.74) (18.64, 19.41) (13.79, 14.70) (17.53, 18.41) (12.80, 13.32) (18.28, 18.88)
 Secondary 54.32 41.25 41.82 27.37 50.05 35.38
(53.81, 54.82) (40.74, 41.76) (41.12, 42.53) (26.84, 27.91) (49.61, 50.48) (34.99, 35.76)
 Higher 12.67 2.48 7.1 1.44 10.76 2.04
(12.29, 13.05) (2.26, 2.70) (6.69, 7.50) (1.28, 1.60) (10.46, 11.07) (1.89, 2.18)
Household size
 3 or less 12.35 9.02 12.9 15 12.54 11.55
(12.00, 12.71) (8.72, 9.32) (12.44, 13.35) (14.58, 15.42) (12.25, 12.83) (11.30, 11.81)
 4 to 5 41.26 45.48 51.45 45.54 44.74 45.51
(40.77, 41.74) (44.99, 45.97) (50.79, 52.11) (44.96, 46.12) (44.34, 45.15) (45.12, 45.90)
 6 to 8 30.4 31.48 27.73 31.15 29.49 31.34
(29.94, 30.85) (31.06, 31.91) (27.19, 28.28) (30.64, 31.65) (29.13, 29.85) (31.01, 31.68)
 9 or more 15.99 14.01 7.92 8.31 13.23 11.6
(15.61, 16.38) (13.66, 14.37) (7.60, 8.24) (8.03, 8.60) (12.94, 13.53) (11.35, 11.86)
Wealth index quintiles
 1st (Poorest) 16.46 25.41 16.46 20.15 16.46 23.18
(16.11, 16.82) (24.95, 25.87) (16.02, 16.89) (19.71, 20.58) (16.17, 16.75) (22.82, 23.55)
 2nd (Poorer) 18.59 24.63 17.62 22.17 18.26 23.59
(18.22, 18.96) (24.20, 25.06) (17.15, 18.08) (21.71, 22.63) (17.95, 18.56) (23.25, 23.93)
 3rd (Middle) 20.99 22.54 18.83 22.08 20.25 22.35
(20.57, 21.42) (22.10, 22.98) (18.30, 19.36) (21.60, 22.57) (19.91, 20.60) (22.00, 22.69)
 4th (Richer) 23.21 17.73 21.7 20.59 22.69 18.94
(22.72, 23.69) (17.29, 18.18) (21.10, 22.29) (20.07, 21.11) (22.28, 23.10) (18.58, 19.30)
 5th (Richest) 20.75 9.69 25.4 15.01 22.34 11.94
(20.22, 21.28) (9.28, 10.09) (24.70, 26.10) (14.47, 15.55) (21.87, 22.80) (11.57, 12.31)
Religion
 Hindu 81.18 81.92 81.01 83.4 81.12 82.55
(80.60, 81.76) (81.32, 82.53) (80.37, 81.64) (82.83, 83.97) (80.61, 81.63) (82.03, 83.06)
 Muslim 13.62 14.32 12.43 13.09 13.21 13.8
(13.07, 14.16) (13.76, 14.88) (11.88, 12.99) (12.57, 13.62) (12.73, 13.69) (13.32, 14.28)
 Christian 1.8 1.51 2.37 1.43 1.99 1.48
(1.64, 1.95) (1.35, 1.66) (2.12, 2.62) (1.28, 1.59) (1.84, 2.15) (1.35, 1.60)
 Sikh 1.8 0.69 2.64 0.71 2.09 0.69
(1.70, 1.91) (0.60, 0.77) (2.45, 2.83) (0.64, 0.78) (1.98, 2.20) (0.63, 0.76)
 Buddhist 0.98 0.71 0.93 0.88 0.96 0.78
(0.83, 1.12) (0.59, 0.82) (0.74, 1.12) (0.70, 1.06) (0.83, 1.09) (0.67, 0.89)
 Other 0.63 0.86 0.62 0.49 0.62 0.7
(0.49, 0.76) (0.65, 1.08) (0.51, 0.73) (0.40, 0.58) (0.52, 0.72) (0.55, 0.85)
Caste
 Not backward class 26.25 22.8 29.28 24.43 27.29 23.49
(25.67, 26.84) (22.23, 23.36) (28.54, 30.01) (23.81, 25.05) (26.78, 27.80) (23.00, 23.98)
 Scheduled caste 20.01 22.75 18.14 21.99 19.37 22.43
(19.48, 20.54) (22.19, 23.31) (17.58, 18.71) (21.36, 22.63) (18.93, 19.82) (21.94, 22.92)
 Scheduled tribe 8.83 10.9 8.06 8.97 8.57 10.09
(8.52, 9.15) (10.52, 11.28) (7.70, 8.42) (8.61, 9.34) (8.30, 8.84) (9.77, 10.40)
 Other backward class 44.9 43.55 44.52 44.61 44.77 44
(44.28, 45.52) (42.95, 44.15) (43.79, 45.25) (43.94, 45.28) (44.24, 45.30) (43.48, 44.51)
Region
 Rural 66.42 74.59 29.53 70.47 65.08 72.85
(65.76, 67.08) (73.96, 75.22) (28.86, 30.20) (69.80, 71.14) (64.56, 65.59) (72.33, 73.37)
 Urban 33.58 25.41 37.51 62.49 34.92 27.15
(32.92, 34.24) (24.78, 26.04) (36.78, 38.25) (61.75, 63.22) (34.41, 35.44) (26.63, 27.67)
 Observations 97,905 92,646 51,969 67,433 149,874 160,079
  1. 95% confidence intervals are in parenthesis
  2. Estimates are obtained using complex survey weights
  3. Shares add to 100 across rows for respective characteristics