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Table 1 Percentage compliance with individual STARD criteria for included diagnostic accuracy studies in gynaecology

From: The quality of reporting of primary test accuracy studies in obstetrics and gynaecology: application of the STARD criteria

STARD Item Description Percentage compliance overall gynaecology (%)
N = 105
Percentage compliance pre 2004 (%)
N = 85
Percentage compliance post 2004 (%)
N = 17
Difference
% (95% CI)
S1 Article is identified as study of diagnostic accuracy 64.8% 64.8% 64.7% -0.1% (-25%; 25%)
S2 States research question or aims 63.6% 63.6% 64.7% 1.1% (-24%; 26%)
S3 Describes study population 77.3% 77.3% 64.7% -12.6% (-35%; 10%)
S4 Describes participant recruitment 35.2% 35.2% 94.1% 58.9% (33%; 85%)
S5 Describes participant sampling 40.9% 40.9% 64.7% 23.8% (-2%; 50%)
S6 Describes index standard 83.0% 83.0% 88.2% 5.3% (-14%; 24%)
S7 Describes reference standard 30.7% 30.7% 76.5% 45.8% (21%; 71%)
S8a Describes technique of index test 50.0% 50.0% 82.4% 32.4% (7%; 58%)
S8b Describes technique of reference standard 30.7% 30.7% 70.6% 39.9% (15%; 65%)
S9a Describes cut-off for index test 96.6% 96.6% 70.6% -26.0% (-40%; -12%)
S9b Describes cut-off for reference standard 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% (0%; 0%)
S10a Describes persons executing index test 3.4% 3.4% 5.9% 2.5% (-7%; 12%)
S10b Describes persons executing reference standard 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0%
S11a Were results of index test blinded? 22.7% 22.7% 0.0% -22.7% (-43%; -2%)
S11b Were results of reference test blinded? 20.5% 20.5% 11.8% -8.7% (-29%; 12%)
S12 Describes methods for statistics used 30.7% 30.7% 0.0% -30.7% (-53%; -8%)
S13 Describes methods for calculating test reproducibility 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0%
S14 Reports dates of study 86.4% 86.4% 94.1% 7.8% (-9%; 25%)
S15 Reports characteristics of study population 10.2% 10.2% 11.8% 1.5% (-14%; 17%)
S16 Reports number of eligible patients that did not undergo either test 34.1% 34.1% 41.2% 7.1% (-18%; 32%)
S17 Time interval between tests and any treatment 70.5% 70.5% 94.1% 23.7% (1%; 46%)
S18 Reports distribution of severity of disease 75.0% 75.0% 94.1% 19.1% (-2%; 41%)
S19 Reports cross tabulation of results 42.0% 42.0% 29.4% -12.6% (-38%; 13%)
S20 Reports adverse events 15.9% 15.9% 17.6% 1.7% (-17%; 21%)
S21 Reports estimates of diagnostic accuracy 62.5% 62.5% 41.2% -21.3% (-47%; 4%)
S22 Reports how missing results were handled 21.6% 21.6% 35.3% 13.7% (-8%; 36%)
S23 Reports estimates of variability of accuracy 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0%
S24 Reports estimates of test reproducibility 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0%
S25 Discuss clinical applicability of findings 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 0%
  1. * 100% not applicable