Biran A, Curtis V, Gautam OP, Greenland K, Islam MS, Schmidt W-P, et al. Menstrual Hygiene. In: Background paper on measuring WASH and food hygiene practices–definition of goals to be tackled post 2015 by the joint monitoring Programme. 1st ed. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; 2012. p. 81.
Sahin M. Tackling the stigma and gender marginalization related to menstruation via WASH in schools programmes. Waterlines. 2015;34(1):3–6.
Sumpter C, Torondel B. A systematic review of the health and social effects of menstrual hygiene management. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e62004.
McMahon SA, Winch PJ, Caruso BA, Obure AF, Ogutu EA, Ochari IA, et al. “The girl with her period is the one to hang her head” reflections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2011;11(1):7.
Arumugam B, Nagalingam S, Varman PM, Ravi P, Ganesan R. Menstrual hygiene practices: is it practically impractical ? Intern J Med Public Heal. 2014;4(4):472–6.
Ten VTA. Menstrual hygiene: a neglected condition for the achievement of seven millennium development goals. Zotermeer: Europe External Policy Advisors; 2007. p. 1–24.
Bharadwaj S, Patkar A. Menstrual hygiene and Management in Developing Countries: taking stock. Mumbai: Junction Social; 2004.
Kaur K, Arora B, Singh GK, Neki NS. Social beliefs and practices associated with menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of Amritsar, Punjab. India J Int Med Sci Acad. 2012;25(2):69–70.
Ranabhat C, Kim C-B, Choi EH, Aryal A, Park MB, Doh YA. Chhaupadi culture and reproductive health of women in Nepal. Asia-Pacific J Public Heal. 2015;27(7):785–95.
Sebastian A, Hoffmann V, Adelman S. Menstrual management in low-income countries: needs and trends. Waterlines. 2013;32(2):135–53.
Saeed T, Naghma S. Menstrual knowledge and practices of female adolescents in urban Karachi, Pakistan. J Adolesc. 2010;33(4):531—41.
Sapkota D, Sharma D, Budhathoki SS, Khanal VK, Pokharel HP. Knowledge and practices regarding menstruation among school going adolescents of rural Nepal. J Kathmandu Med Coll. 2013;2(3):117–21.
Budhathoki SS, Bhattachan M, Pokharel PK, Bhadra M, van Teijlingen E. Reusable sanitary towels: promoting menstrual hygiene in post-earthquake Nepal. J Fam Plan Reprod Heal Care. 2017;43:157–9.
Alam M-U, Luby SP, Halder AK, Islam K, Opel A, Shoab AK, et al. Menstrual hygiene management among Bangladeshi adolescent schoolgirls and risk factors affecting school absence: results from a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open. 2017;7(7):e015508.
Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: a study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J Health Manag. 2005;7:91–107.
van Eijk AM, Sivakami M, Thakkar MB, Bauman A, Laserson KF, Coates S, et al. Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in India : a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010290.
Davidson A. Narratives of menstrual product consumption: convenience, culture, or commoditization? Bull Sci Technol Soc. 2012;32(1):56.
Das P, Baker KK, Dutta A, Swain T, Sahoo S, Das BS, et al. Menstrual hygiene practices, WASH access and the risk of urogenital infection in women from Odisha. India PLoS One. 2015;10(6):1–16.
Sommer M, Caruso BA, Sahin M, Calderon T, Cavill S, Mahon T, et al. A time for global action: addressing girls’ menstrual hygiene management needs in schools. PLoS Med. 2016;13(2):e1001962.
Gupta S, Sinha A. Awareness about reproduction and adolescent changes among school girls of different socioeconomic status. J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;4(56):324–8.
Adhikari P, Kadel B, Dhungel S, Mandak A. Knowledge and practice regarding menstrual hygiene in rural adolescent girls of Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2007;5(19):382–6.
Sommer M. Menstrual hygiene Management in Humanitarian Emergencies: gaps and recommendations. Waterlines. 2012;31(1&2):83–104.
Anwar J, Mpofu E, Matthews LR, Shadoul AF, Brock KE. Reproductive health and access to healthcare facilities: risk factors for depression and anxiety in women with an earthquake experience. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:523.
Travers CL. No one cares we’re bleedling: the place of menstrual management in humanitarian response [dissertation]. Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet; 2015.
Budhathoki SS, Gelband H. Manmade earthquake: the hidden health effects of a blockade-induced fuel crisis in Nepal. BMJ Glob Heal. 2016;1(2):e000116.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Nepal. Nepal: Earthquake 2015 Situation Report No.20 (as of 3 June 2015) [Internet]. Reliefweb. 2015 [cited 2015 Oct 7]. Available from: http://reliefweb.int/report/nepal/nepal-earthquake-2015-situation-report-no20-3-june-2015
Lee B. Nepal Earthquake : Push For Immediate Relief Leaves Menstrual Hygiene Behind [Internet]. International Business Times. 2015 [cited 2015 May 8]. Available from: http://www.ibtimes.com/nepal-earthquake-push-immediate-relief-leaves-menstrual-hygiene-behind-1905601
Krishnan S, Twigg J. Menstrual hygiene: a “silent” need during disaster recovery. Waterlines. 2016;35(3):265–76.
Alam K, Rahman MH. Women in natural disasters: a case study from southern coastal region of Bangladesh. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct. 2014;8:68–82.
Bradshaw S, Fordham M. Women, girls and disasters: a review for DFID. 2013.
Auemaneekul N, Bhandari S, Kerdmongkol P. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescents in a Rural District of Nepal. Asia J Public Heal. 2013;4:8–15.
UNOCHA. Nepal: Sindhupalchok District Road Network Map - 21 September 2015 [Internet]. reliefweb. 2015 [cited 2015 Sep 22]. p. 1. Available from: http://reliefweb.int/map/nepal/nepal-sindhupalchok-district-road-network-map-21-september-2015
Vaismoradi M, Turunen H, Bondas T. Content analysis and thematic analysis : implications for conducting a qualitative descriptive study. Nurs Health Sci. 2013;15:398–405.
Tol WA, MJD J. Cultural challenges to psychosocial Counselling in Nepal. Transcult psychiatry. 2005;42(2):317–33.
Schmitt ML, Clatworthy D, Ratnayake R, Klaesener-Metzner N, Roesch E, Wheeler E, et al. Understanding the menstrual hygiene management challenges facing displaced girls and women: findings from qualitative assessments in Myanmar and Lebanon. Confl Health. 2017;11:19.
Thacker P. After earthquake in Nepal, sanitary menstruation practice at risk [internet]. New York Times. 2015 [cited 2015 May 15]. Available from: http://nytlive.nytimes.com/womenintheworld/2015/05/01/after-earthquake-in-nepal-sanitary-menstruation-practices-at-risk/
Sommer M, Kjellen M, Pensulo C. Girls’ and women’s unmet needs for menstrual hygiene management (MHM): the interactions between MHM and sanitation systems in low-income countries. J Water Sanit Hyg Dev. 2013;3(3):283–97.
Caruso BA, Clasen TF, Hadley C, Yount KM, Haardörfer R, Rout M, et al. Understanding and defining sanitation insecurity: women’s gendered experiences of urination, defecation and menstruation in rural Odisha. India BMJ Glob Heal. 2017;2(4):e000414.
Jamieson S. Stinking 10,000 tonne pile of rubbish in great heck. The Telegraph: Yorkshire investigated by Environment Agency; 2015.
Sommer M, Phillips-Howard PA, Mahon T, Zients S, Jones M, Caruso BA. Beyond menstrual hygiene: addressing vaginal bleeding throughout the life course in low and middle-income countries. BMJ Glob Heal. 2017;2(2):e000405.