United States: Central Intelligence Agency. The CIA world factbook. Minneapolis: Quanta Press; 2011.
Unemployment Summary Table. Labor Market Statistical Information, Labor Force Survey, Ministry of Manpower; 2014.
Singapore Department of Statistics. Trends in Singapore resident population. Singapore: Dept. of Statistics; 2001.
Devasahayam TW. Placement and/or protection? Singapore's labour policies and practices for temporary women migrant workers. J Asia Pac Econ. 2010;15(1):45–58.
Yeoh BSA, Huang S. Transnational Domestic Workers and the Negotiation of Mobility and Work Practices in Singapore's Home-Spaces. Mobilities-Uk. 2010;5(2):219–36.
Huang S, Yeoh BSA. Ties that bind: State policy and migrant female domestic helpers in Singapore. Geoforum. 1996;27(4):479–93.
Yeoh BSA, Huang S. Foreign Domestic Workers and Home-Based Care for Elders in Singapore. J Aging Soc Policy. 2010;22(1):69–88.
Abdul Rahman N, Wham J, Loh J. Made to Work: Attitudes Towards Granting Regular Days Off to Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore. Singapore: UNIFEM Singapore HOME TWC2; 2011. p. 72.
Ueno K. Strategies of Resistance among Filipina and Indonesian Domestic Workers in Singapore. Asian Pac Migr J. 2009;18(4):497–517.
Hochschild A. Global care chains and emotion surplus value. In: Hutton W, Giddens A, editors. On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. London: Jonathan Cape; 2000. p. 130-46.
Yeates N. Global care chains. Int Fem J Polit. 2004;6(3):369–91.
Isaksen LW, Devi SU, Hochschild AR. Global care crisis: a problem of capital, care chain, or commons? Am Behav Sci. 2008;52(3):405–25.
Wong T-C, Rigg J. Asian cities, migrant labor and contested spaces. London, New York: Routledge; 2011.
Foreign Workforce Numbers, Statistics and Publications, Ministry of Manpower. 2014. http://www.mom.gov.sg/documents-and-publications/foreign-workforce-numbers.
Work Permit (Foreign Domestic Worker). http://www.mom.gov.sg/passes-and-permits/work-permit-for-foreign-domestic-worker.
Cohen R. "Mom is a Stranger": The Negative Impact of Immigration Policies on the Family Life of Filipina Domestic Workers. Can Ethn Stud J. 2000;32(3):76.
Li L, Wang HM, Ye XJ, Jiang MM, Lou QY, Hesketh T. The mental health status of Chinese rural–urban migrant workers. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007;42(9):716–22.
Wong D, He X, Leung G, Lau Y, Chang Y. Mental health of migrant workers in China: prevalence and correlates. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008;43(6):483–9.
Hovey JD, Magana CG, Hovey JD, Magana CG. Exploring the mental health of Mexican migrant farm workers in the Midwest: psychosocial predictors of psychological distress and suggestions for prevention and treatment. J Psychol. 2002;136(5):493–513.
Hovey JD, Magana CG, Hovey JD, Magana CG. Cognitive, affective, and physiological expressions of anxiety symptomatology among Mexican migrant farmworkers: predictors and generational differences. Community Ment Health J. 2002;38(3):223–37.
Su C. Domestic workers from Myanmar forced into modern slavery. Myanmar Times; 2015.
O'Brien R. Singapore’s domestic workers routinely exploited and often abused in the service of rich nationals. In: Independent. 2015.
Barron L. Myanmar maids in Singapore up against tough choice to fight abusive employers. Myanmar Times; 2015.
Sloan A. UK tied visa system 'turning domestic workers into modern-day slaves'. In: The Guardian. 2015.
Monahan M. Abuse of female domestic workers in the united arab emirates. In: Human Rights Brief. 2015.
The Associated Press. Singapore maids to finally get a day off. In: CBC News. 2012.
Hammen C. Stress and depression. Annu Rev Clin Psycho. 2005;1:293–319.
WHO. Strengthening Mental Health Promotion. Geneva: World Health Organization Fact Sheet; 2001.
Karasek R, Theorell T. Healthy work: stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. New York: Basic Books; 1990.
Chia BH, Chia A, Yee NW, Choo TB. Suicide Trends in Singapore: 1955-2004. Arch Suicide Res. 2010;14(3):276–83.
Varia N. Maid to Order: Ending Abuses Against Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore, vol. 17. Singapore: Human Rights Watch; 2005.
Arnold J. Work psychology: understanding human behaviour in the workplace, 4th edn. Harlow, England. New York: Prentice Hall/Financial Times; 2005.
Begum R. "I Already Bought You": Abuse and Exploitation of Female Migrant Domestic Workers in the United Arab Emirates. Human Rights Watch; 2014.
Hawthorne G, Herrman H, Murphy B. Interpreting the WHOQOL-BREF: Preliminary population norms and effect sizes. Soc Indic Res. 2006;77(1):37–59.
WHO. Development of the World Health Organization WHOQoL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychol Med. 1998;28:551–8.
Hawthorne G. Measuring social isolation in older adults: Development and initial validation of the friendship scale. Soc Indic Res. 2006;77(3):521–48.
McGregor D. The human side of enterprise. Readings Manag Psychol. 1966;
Coker A, Smith P, Thompson M, McKeown R, Bethea L, Davis K. Social support protects against the negative effects of partner violence on mental health. J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2002;11(5):465–76.
Tummala-Narra P. Conceptualizing trauma and resilience across diverse contexts. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma. 2007;14(1–2):33–53.
Ting L. Out of Africa: Coping Strategies of African Immigrant Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. Health Care for Women International. 2010;31(4):345–64.
Vega WA, Kolody B, Valle R, Weir J. Social networks, social support, and their relationship to depression among immigrant Mexican women. Hum Organ. 1991;50(2):154–62.
Taloyan M, Johansson S, Sundquist J, Kocturk T, Johansson L. Psychological distress among Kurdish immigrants in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2008;36(2):190.
Chou KL. Pre-migration planning and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support. J Affect Disord. 2009;114(1–3):85–93.
Schweitzer R, Melville F, Steel Z, Lacherez P. Trauma, post-migration living difficulties, and social support as predictors of psychological adjustment in resettled Sudanese refugees. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2006;40(2):179–87.
Vega WA, Kolody B, Juan Ramon V. Migration and Mental Health: An Empirical Test of Depression Risk Factors among Immigrant Mexican Women. Int Migr Rev. 1987;21(3):512–30.
Hauff E, Vaglum P. Organised violence and the stress of exile. Predictors of mental health in a community cohort of Vietnamese refugee three years after resettlement. Br J Psychol. 1995;166(MAR.):360–7.
Hiott A, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Gender differences in anxiety and depression among immigrant Latinos. Families, Systems and Health. 2006;24(2):137–46.
Shattell MM, Villalba J, Stokes N, Hamilton D, Foster J, Petrini RH, Johnson K, Hinderliter N, Witherspoon C, Hinshaw RK. Depression in Latinas residing in emerging Latino immigrant communities in the United States. Hispanic Health Care International. 2009;7(4):190–202.
Miranda J, Siddique J, Der-Martirosian C, Belin TR. Depression among Latina immigrant mothers separated from their children. Psychiatr Serv. 2005;56(6):717–20.
Gask L, Aseem S, Waquas A, Waheed W, Gask L, Aseem S, Waquas A, Waheed W. Isolation, feeling ‘stuck’ and loss of control: understanding persistence of depression in British Pakistani women. J Affect Disord. 2011;128(1–2):49–55.
Carswell K, Blackburn P, Barker C, Carswell K, Blackburn P, Barker C. The relationship between trauma, post-migration problems and the psychological well-being of refugees and asylum seekers. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2011;57(2):107–19.
Wilson A. A Burning Fever: The Isolation of Asian Women in Britain. Race Class. 1978;20(2):129–42.
Papadopoulos I, Lees S, Lay M, Gebrehiwot A. Ethiopian Refugees in the UK: Migration, Adaptation and Settlement Experiences and their Relevance to Health. Ethn Health. 2004;9(1):55–73.
Silveira ER, Ebrahim S. Social determinants of psychiatric morbidity and well-being in immigrant elders and whites in east London. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 1998;13(11):801–12.
Kuo W. Theories of migration and mental health: an empirical testing on Chinese-Americans. Soc Sci Med. 1976;10(6):297–306.
Foroughi E, Misajon R, Cummins RA. The relationships between migration, social support, and social integration on quality of life. Behav Chang. 2001;18(03):156–67.
Leão TS, Sundquist J, Johansson S-E, Sundquist K. The influence of age at migration and length of residence on self-rated health among Swedish immigrants: a cross-sectional study. Ethnicity & health. 2009;14(1):93–105.
Pearlin LI. The life course and the stress process: some conceptual comparisons. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2010;65B(2):207–15.
HOME. Home sweet home? Work, life and well-being of foreign domestic workers in Singapore. Humanitarian Organization for Migration Economics; 2015.
Gelder M. New Oxford textbook of psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press; 2011.
Hargreaves S, Nellums L, Friedland J, Goldberg J, PMurwill P, Jones L. Extending migrant charging into emergency services. Br Med J. 2016;352:i685.
Caplan RD. Job demands and worker health: main effects and occupational differences. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off; 1975.
Demerouti E, Bakker AB, de Jonge J, Janssen PPM, Schaufeli WB. Burnout and engagement at work as a function of demands and control. Scand J Work Env Hea. 2001;27(4):279–86.
Kawakami N, Tsutsumi A. Job Stress and Mental Health among Workers in Asia and the World. J Occup Health. 2010;52(1):1–3.
Siegrist J. Work stress and beyond. Eur J Pub Health. 2000;10(3):233–4.
Siegrist J. Chronic psychosocial stress at work and risk of depression: evidence from prospective studies. Eur Arch Psy Clin N. 2008;258:115–9.
Siegrist J. Unfair exchange and health: Social bases of stress-related diseases. Soc Theor Health. 2009;7(4):305–17.
Siegrist J, Dragano N. Psychosocial stress and disease risks in occupational life. Results of international studies on the demand-control and the effort-reward imbalance models. Bundesgesundheitsbla. 2008;51(3):305–12.
Siegrist J, Rodel A. Work stress and health risk behavior. Scand J Work Env Hea. 2006;32(6):473–81.
Smearman EL, Winiarski DA, Brennan PA, Najman J, Johnson KC. Social stress and the oxytocin receptor gene interact to predict antisocial behavior in an at-risk cohort. Dev Psychopathol. 2015;27(1):309–18.
Kim JJ, Haller J. Glucocorticoid hyper- and hypofunction: stress effects on cognition and aggression. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007;1113:291–303.
Craig IW. The importance of stress and genetic variation in human aggression. BioEssays. 2007;29(3):227–36.
Dohrenwend BP. The role of adversity and stress in psychopathology: some evidence and its implications for theory and research. J Health Soc Behav. 2000;41(1):1–19.
Bagley C, Madrid S, Bolitho F. Stress factors and mental health adjustment of Filipino domestic workers in Hong Kong. Int Soc Work. 1997;40(4):373–82.
Ahonen E, López Jacob MJ, Vázquez ML, Porthé V, Gil González D, García AM, Ruiz Frutos C, Benach J, Benavides FG. Invisible work, unseen hazards: the health of women immigrant household service workers in Spain. Am J Ind Med. 2009;53(4):405–16.
Ventola CL. The antibiotic resistance crisis: part 1: causes and threats. Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 2015;40(4):277.
Squires A. Methodological challenges in cross-language qualitative research: a research review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(2):277–87.
Murray C, Wynne J. Researching community, work and family with an interpreter. Community Work Family. 2001;4(2):157–71.
Green A, Ngo Metzger Q, Legedza A, Massagli M, Phillips R, Iezzoni L. Interpreter services, language concordance, and health care quality. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(11):1050–6.
Work Permit (Foreign Domestic Worker). Manpower Mo; 2014.
Malhotra R, Arambepola C, Tarun S, de Silva V, Kishore J, Østbye T. Health issues of female foreign domestic workers: a systematic review of the scientific and gray literature. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2013;19(4):261–77.