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  1. Cervical cancer is a global public health problem & is the fourth leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality. Abnormal cervical lesion is common in commercial sex workers and is at a higher risk of develo...

    Authors: Habitu Birhan Eshetu, Kegnie Shitu and Simegnew Handebo
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:462
  2. The World Health Organization recommends that programs that seek to improve maternal and newborn health outcomes actively involve men during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. However, there is little evid...

    Authors: Anastasia J. Gage, Francine E. Wood, Madeline Woo and Rianne Gay
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:460
  3. We evaluated a novel disposable, collapsible, ring-shaped vaginal device that is self-inserted within an applicator and removed with a string. The device was developed to overcome the drawbacks of existing rin...

    Authors: Elan Ziv and Tsvia Erlich
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:459
  4. Cervical cancer is often associated with malignant ureteral obstruction and consequent hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis caused in this way can be resolved by placing ureteral stents or performing a percutaneous ...

    Authors: Nebojsa Prijovic, Bojan Cegar, Vladimir Cvetic, Veljko Santric, Branko Stankovic and Jovan Radojevic
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:458
  5. Lipoedema is a chronic disease in adipose tissue that almost exclusively affects women during periods of hormonal alterations. Its main symptoms include an abnormal accumulation of subcutaneous fat in the butt...

    Authors: Johanna Falck, Bo Rolander, Annette Nygårdh, Lise-Lotte Jonasson and Jan Mårtensson
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:457
  6. Gonadal hormones can modify immune function, which may impact susceptibility to infectious diseases, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). There is limited knowledge about how hormonal contraceptives (...

    Authors: Lisa B. Haddad, Gina Bailey Herring, C. Christina Mehta, Tyree Staple, Marisa R. Young, Sakthivel Govindaraj, Vijayakumar Velu and Alicia K. Smith
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:456
  7. Endometriosis (EMS) is confirmed pathophysiologically to be an estrogen-dependent disease, similar to endometrial hyperplasia/cancer and breast cancer. Epidemiological and biological data on endometriosis migh...

    Authors: Jiatian Ye, Hongling Peng, Xia Huang and Xiaorong Qi
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:455
  8. The abortion act in Thailand is approximately 60 years old. However, because of increasing problems due to unsafe abortions, the act was recently amended to accord a legal status for abortions. In the southern...

    Authors: Natchanika Sinthuchai, Penkae Rothmanee, Vorachart Meevasana, Ratthapong Rongkapich, Rada Poolkumlung, Saowanee Saro, Somsook Santibenchakul and Unnop Jaisamrarn
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:454
  9. Despite the obvious violation of women’s rights in Pakistan and the vital necessity for women empowerment, a unified country-specific index measuring women empowerment is not yet available. This study cross-va...

    Authors: Omid Dadras, Mohammadyasin Dadras, Leila Jafari, Takeo Nakayama and Fateme Dadras
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:453
  10. Aging is associated with many different health-related challenges for women such as menopause and its associated problems. Self-care (SC) is a factor with potential effects on menopause and its consequences. S...

    Authors: Zahra Hossein Mirzaee Beni, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Shahzad Pashaeypoor and Shima Haghani
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:452
  11. Placement of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is an effective treatment for adenomyosis, especially for patients who have severe dysmenorrhea symptoms but a strong desire to preserve fe...

    Authors: Huizhi Zhang, BenBen Cao, Jinyi Tong, Jialu Guo, Jianfeng Zheng, Linling Zhu, Zheng Niu and Li Chen
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:451
  12. Women’s ability to make contraceptive decision can determine their contraceptive use which can improve their reproductive health and career. Improvement in such ability can increase contraceptive prevalence in...

    Authors: David Aduragbemi Okunlola
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:450
  13. Chemotherapy-related toxicity affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients with cancer. Measuring the QOL in breast cancer (BC) patients has been the focus of clinical practices and research in recent decades...

    Authors: Mawada Aldaak, Hayat M. Suliman, Elsadig Elgailany Abd-Elgadir and Iman Hassan Abdoon
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:448
  14. Excess weight (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and weight gain during adult life increase the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in women who are already at increased risk of the disease. Reasons for weight gain in this popul...

    Authors: Mary Pegington, Elaine F. Harkness, Anthony Howell, D. Gareth Evans and Michelle Harvie
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:447
  15. Self-management involves taking responsibility for personal health and taking the initiative to do so. This can be accomplished by learning information and skills that will help consider the difficulties may e...

    Authors: Zahra Mohammadzadeh, Samereh Eghtedar, Haleh Ayatollahi and Mohamad Jebraeily
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:446
  16. Breast cancer is known as the most common cancer and the first-rank malignancy among women. Screening plays a crucial role in early diagnosis and timely treatment. This paper presents the results of design, ev...

    Authors: Fahimeh Mahboobighazaani, Masoud Karimi, Mojtaba Azadbakht and Leila Ghahremani
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:445
  17. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), which causes involuntarily leakage of urine, has an impact on many women and may affect self-efficacy, which, in turn, can lead to poor health-related quality of life (QOL). ...

    Authors: Ching Hui Chien, Xuan Yi Huang, Shu Pen Hsu, Yi Hua Yen, Hun Shan Pan and Feng Chu Yen
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:444
  18. Cervical cancer represents a high burden of disease. Many women in low- and middle-income countries face opposition from their partners and families to undergo cervical cancer screening. Identifying the social...

    Authors: Jyoshma Preema Dsouza, Stephan Van den Broucke, Sanjay Pattanshetty and William Dhoore
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:443
  19. Males dominate in tobacco usage, as well as in tobacco research, knowing that women face more severe health consequences. There is a specific lack of information on epidemiological statistics, risks, and the l...

    Authors: Lajya Devi Goyal, Madhur Verma, Priyanka Garg and Garima Bhatt
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:442
  20. The mean incidence of ovarian metastases (OM) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is 3.4%. The 5-year survival of these patients, even when operated with curative intent, is remarkably low. The lifetime r...

    Authors: R. Van der Meer, I. H. J. T. de Hingh, J. G. Bloemen, L. Janssen and R. M. H. Roumen
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:441
  21. There is limited information on factors that influence oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake and adherence among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). We conducted a qualitative methods study to explo...

    Authors: Ivy Kayesu, Yunia Mayanja, Catherine Nakirijja, Yvonne Wangũi Machira, Matt Price, Janet Seeley and Godfrey Siu
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:440
  22. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder associated with an increased risk of other gynecological disorders, such as endometrial hyperplasia (EH). However, substantial factors in the com...

    Authors: Bora Park, Hakmo Lee, Suyeon Park, Eun Sil Lee, Jeong Jae Lee, Young Lee and Je Hyun Seo
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:439
  23. Menopause that occurs before the age of 45 and is not medically induced (referred to here as ‘early natural menopause’) affects around one in 10 women and has serious health consequences. These consequences in...

    Authors: Darina Peycheva, Alice Sullivan, Rebecca Hardy, Alex Bryson, Gabriella Conti and George Ploubidis
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:438
  24. Gut microbes were closely related to women’s health. Previous studies reported that the gut microbes of premenopausal women were different from those of postmenopausal women. However, little was known about th...

    Authors: Yaqian Liu, Ying Zhou, Ting Mao, Yanmei Huang, Jingtao Liang, Min Zhu, Peixun Yao, Yun Zong, Jianying Lang and Yingxuan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:437
  25. Administration of GnRH agonist (GnRHa) prior to chemotherapy may decreases the risk of gonadal dysfunction in patients with tumors. However, relevant data in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) rec...

    Authors: Zhenhong Wang, Jian An and Chaohua Wang
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:436
  26. To assess the efficacy of dysdrogesterone in the treatment of chronic endometritis (CE) treated with antibiotic in premenopausal women with endometrial polyps (EPs).

    Authors: Yue Liu, Xin Yu, Jing Huang, Chengchao Du, Honggui Zhou, Yamei Yang and Dacheng Qu
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:435
  27. Studies evaluating task sharing in postabortion care have mainly focused on women in first trimester and many lack a qualitative component. We aimed to evaluate patient acceptability of treatment of incomplete...

    Authors: Susan Atuhairwe, Claudia Hanson, Lynn Atuyambe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Ronald Ssenyonga and Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:434
  28. Female circumcision remains a dominant practice among the Pokot of North-Eastern Uganda. This paper explores the lived experiences of uncircumcised Pokot women, as they continue to live in a community, where t...

    Authors: Noah Kalengo, Laban. K. Musinguzi and Janestic Mwende Twikirize
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:433
  29. Urinary incontinence, especially stress urinary incontinence (SUI), is one of the problems experienced by premenopausal women. Given the role of vitamin D in enhancing muscle strength and function, this study ...

    Authors: Sedigheh Khodabandeh Shahraki, Seyedeh Fatemeh Emadi, Mahla Salarfard, Zahra Chenari, Faezeh Tadayyonfar and Maryam Alikamali
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:431
  30. Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage, when survival is poor. Qualitative narratives of patients’ pathways to ovarian cancer diagnoses may identify opportunities for earlier cancer detection and, c...

    Authors: Katherine A. Lawson-Michod, Melissa H. Watt, Laurie Grieshober, Sarah E. Green, Lea Karabegovic, Samantha Derzon, Makelle Owens, Rachel D. McCarty, Jennifer A. Doherty and Mollie E. Barnard
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:430
  31. The problem of women and youths living on the street is a global phenomenon. It has created countless problems while they lived on the street; such as unwanted pregnancies, sexual exploitation and prostitution...

    Authors: Daniel Tadesse Assegid, Legesse Abera, Meklit Girma, Mickiale Hailu and Bereket Tefera
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:429
  32. Diastasis recti abdominis (DRA) is a prevalent condition in the postpartum period. To date, there is scant knowledge on how DRA influences physical, mental, and emotional health. This study investigates primip...

    Authors: Sandra Gluppe, Marie Ellström Engh and Kari Bø
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:428
  33. Women with prior severe preeclampsia are at an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases later in life compared to women who had a normotensive pregnancy. The objective of this study was to assess their needs...

    Authors: Lili L. Kókai, Marte F. van der Bijl, Martin S. Hagger, Diarmaid T. Ó Ceallaigh, Kirsten I.M. Rohde, Hans van Kippersluis, Alex Burdorf, Johannes J. Duvekot, Jeanine E. Roeters van Lennep and Anne I. Wijtzes
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:427
  34. Effective cancer treatment involves aggressive chemo-radiotherapy protocols that alter survivors’ quality of life (QOL). This has recently aroused the attention not only to focus on clinical care but rather to...

    Authors: David H. Mvunta, Furaha August, Nazima Dharsee, Miriam H. Mvunta, Peter Wangwe, Matilda Ngarina, Brenda M. Simba and Hussein Kidanto
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:426
  35. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are commonly used as contraceptives worldwide. However, pregnancies in patients carrying this kind of device may occur. IUD removal when the woman wishes to continue their pregnancy...

    Authors: Guglielmo Stabile, Caterina Godina, Francesco Cracco, Francesco Paolo Mangino, Melania Canton, Federico Romano and Giuseppe Ricci
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:425
  36. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of diseases characterized by insulin resistance. MetS has high prevalence among women, which is impacted by food intake. MetS is related to high level of inflammation; howe...

    Authors: Kelly Cristiane Michalichen, Vinícius Muller Reis Weber, Marcos Roberto Queiroga, Daniel Zanardini Fernandes, Clisia Mara Carreira, Edgar Ramos Vieira and Danielle Venturini
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:423
  37. Urinary incontinence (UI) could negatively affect a person’s quality of life (QoL). This study investigates the association among gynecological cancers, their treatments, UI, and its effect on the QoL of survi...

    Authors: Maryam Zafarnia, Lieven N. Kennes, Elmar Stickeler, Johannes Hoff and Laila Najjari
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:422
  38. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the major public health concern in Ethiopia with more profound effect on women. Discriminatory attitude towards people living with HIV (PLWH) impose a significant impact o...

    Authors: Atalay Goshu Muluneh, Mehari Woldemariam Merid, Getahun Molla Kassa, Desalegn Anmut Bitew and Menberesibhat Getie Ferede
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:420
  39. Obstetric and gyneco-obstetric violence (OV, GOV) is a concerning public health problem, particularly in Latin America. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of OV and GOV and to assess its socio-geogra...

    Authors: Fara Faith Arias Fuentes, Erika Arteaga and Miguel San Sebastián
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:419
  40. When medical cases are difficult to manage at the level of primary health care units (PHCU), formal referral assists patients transferring to a higher level of care. In contrast, self-referral and bypassing ar...

    Authors: Aneleay Cherinet Eritero, Kahsay Zenebe Gebreslasie, Alem Tadesse Asgedom, Abriham Shiferaw Areba, Aregahegn Wudneh, Yesuneh Bayisa and Wondwosen Molla
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:417
  41. Adolescent pregnancy increases the risk of disability and death due to unsafe abortion, prolonged labour and delivery, and complications after birth. Availability of accurate data is important to guide decisio...

    Authors: Lilian Mutea, Vincent Were, Susan Ontiri, Kristien Michielsen and Peter Gichangi
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:416
  42. With increasing global availability of medication abortion drugs, a safer option exists for many women to terminate a pregnancy even in legally restrictive settings. However, more than 22,000 women die each ye...

    Authors: Laura Hinson, Anam M. Bhatti, Meroji Sebany, Suzanne O. Bell, Mara Steinhaus, Claire Twose and Chimaraoke Izugbara
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:415
  43. The objective of this study was to explore women’s experiences of a screen-and-treat approach with ablative therapy (referred to by the Spanish acronym TVT-TA) as a method of treatment following a positive HPV...

    Authors: Rachel M. Morse, Joanna Brown, Helen E. Noble, E. Jennifer Ríos López, Anna Kohler-Smith, Sandra Soto, Daniel Lenin del Cuadro, Karina Gonzales Díaz, Magaly Figueredo Escudero, Giannina Vásquez del Aguila, Lita E. Carrillo Jara, Hermann F. Silva Delgado, Victor A. Palacios, Carlos Santos-Ortiz, Patti E. Gravitt and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:414
  44. This study investigated the effects of mobile health application designed based on mindfulness and social support theory on parenting self-efficacy and postpartum depression symptoms of puerperae.

    Authors: Chao Liu, Hao Chen, Fang Zhou, Qiqi Long, Kan Wu, Liang-Ming Lo, Tai-Ho Hung, Chia-Yih Liu and Wen-Ko Chiou
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:413
  45. MicroRNAs are a type of non-coding single-stranded RNA, which is involved in the regulation of ovary insulin resistance (IR). This study aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of miR-133a-3p regulating ovar...

    Authors: Xiaoman Yang, Kehua Wang, Jiajia Lang, Danyang Guo, Haixia Gao, Yue Qiu, Xiaohan Jin, Mingyue Zhang, Jiaxiu Shi, QianQian Ma, Qian Ma and Zixi Wen
    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:412

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