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  1. Induced abortion, whether therapeutic or elective, is a surgical procedure frequently practiced worldwide. It is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. When the procedure is performed in prec...

    Authors: Landry Wakheu Tchuenkam, Aimé Noula Mbonda, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Patrick P. Mbem-Ngos, Hugues G. Noah-Ndzie and Guy Aristide Bang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:98

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) including frequency, nocturia, urgency, and incontinence, are common in women and cause significant discomfort in daily life. However, diagnosis and treatment of LUTS are of...

    Authors: Su-Jin Yang, Jung Ha Park, Yunhwan Oh, Hyeonju Kim, Mihee Kong and Jihyun Moon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ovarian steroid cell tumors represent a rare category of sex cord-stromal tumors that constitute less than 0.1% of all ovarian tumors. These neoplasms are classified into three main subtypes according to the c...

    Authors: Sawsan Ismail, Munawar Hraib, Rana Issa, Thanaa Alassi and Zuheir Alshehabi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:95

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The diagnostic criteria of chronic endometritis remain controversial in the treatment for infertile patients.

    Authors: Kimiko Hirata, Fuminori Kimura, Akiko Nakamura, Jun Kitazawa, Aina Morimune, Tetsuro Hanada, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Tsukuru Amano, Shunichiro Tsuji, Shoji Kaku, Ryoji Kushima and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Focused antenatal care is the most significant and inclusive care given to pregnant women to promote and maintain the optimal health of the mother and the fetus. Providing respectful care during focused antena...

    Authors: Daniel Adane, Agegnehu Bante and Biresaw Wassihun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Most women living in rural provinces of Tajikistan, specifically Khatlon, experience little to no opportunities for education and economic growth, making them vulnerable to gender-based violence (GBV). Unfortu...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Wood, Karina E. Wilson and K. D. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:125

  7. Inguinal endometriosis (IEM) is a rare extra pelvic endometriosis. Here, we study the clinical characteristics, management strategies, and long-term gynecological outcomes of IEM patients at Beijing Chaoyang H...

    Authors: BoRan Mu, ZhiQiang Zhang, Chongdong Liu, Kunning Zhang, ShuHong Li, JinHua Leng and MengHui Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:90

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified shift work as a possible human carcinogen. The results of systematic on this topic is contradictory. This systematic review and meta-analys...

    Authors: E. Manouchehri, A. Taghipour, V. Ghavami, A. Ebadi, F. Homaei and R. Latifnejad Roudsari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Low carbohydrate diet (LCD) can improve inflammation and obesity and also circadian rhythm disorders can lead to increased inflammation in obese individuals. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associ...

    Authors: Atefeh Tavakoli, Atieh Mirzababaei, Forough Sajadi and Khadijeh Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, bladder, and rectum downward into the vaginal canal. Its prevalence is higher among women in developing countries because women a...

    Authors: Asfaw Borsamo, Mohammed Oumer, Yared Asmare and Ayanaw Worku

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Burns cases are frequent in Nigeria hospitals, however, literature on its economic burden and the association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of women in Nigeria is scarce. This study determined th...

    Authors: Anthonia U. Chinweuba, Ifunanya S. Chinweuba, Faith C. Diorgu, Nneka E. Ubochi, Chinwe S. Ezeruigbo, Kenneth B. Wasini and Anthonia I. Nnabuenyi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Maternal depression is a leading cause of disease burden for women worldwide; however, there are ethnic inequalities in access to psychological interventions in high-income countries (HICs). Culturally appropr...

    Authors: Dung Ezekiel Jidong, Nusrat Husain, Ayesha Roche, Grace Lourie, Tarela J. Ike, Maisha Murshed, Miriam S. Park, Haruna Karick, Zubairu K. Dagona, Juliet Y. Pwajok, Anil Gumber, Christopher Francis, Pam P. Nyam and Shadrack B. Mwankon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Poor awareness of obstetric danger signs is a major contributing factor to delays in seeking obstetric care and hence to high maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. We conducted the current study to asses...

    Authors: Dalau Mukadi Nkamba, Gilbert Wembodinga, Pierre Bernard, John Ditekemena and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Intimate partner violence is a serious global public health problem particularly in low-and middle-income countries such as Ethiopia where women's empowerment is limited. Despite the high prevalence of intimat...

    Authors: Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Alemakef Wagnew Melesse, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The incidence rate of cervical cancer is increasing yearly. The persistent infection of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main factor leading to cervical cancer. HPV infection is double peak type. Th...

    Authors: Yan Shen, Jing Xia, Huihui Li, Yang Xu and Sanping Xu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) considered as a concerning health issue for women of reproductive age. In this study we aim to estimate the prevalence of POI and assessing the influential factors.

    Authors: Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Razieh ‌Bidhendi-Yarandi, Kazem Mohammad, Maryam Farahmand, Fereidoun Azizi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Various factors, including menopausal status, educational and social background, culture, and physical and emotional health, may influence women’s perceptions of menopause. This study documents the elements in...

    Authors: S. A. R. Syed Alwi, I. B. Brohi and I. Awi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The high prevalence of low bone mass in young women in Japan has emerged as a serious health issue in recent years. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to reevaluate the relationship between genetic an...

    Authors: Yuri Sakamoto, Fumi Oono, Kaoruko Iida, Pao-Li Wang and Yoichi Tachi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Suicide-attempts have increased across the world and have become higher among females. There has been a high prevalence of self-immolation in Iran, mostly young married women admitted to the burn centers. This...

    Authors: Nader Aghakhani, Violeta Lopez, Naser Parizad and Rahim Baghaei

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among Cameroon women. The burden of cervical cancer is in part traceable to the inadequate understanding of socio-contextual determinants of access to screening and ...

    Authors: Adebola Adedimeji, Rogers Ajeh, Amanda Pierz, Relindis Nkeng, Jackson Jr. Ndenkeh, Norbert Fuhngwa, Denis Nsame, Miriam Nji, Anastase Dzudie, Kathryn M. Anastos and Philip E. Castle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Abdominal and laparoscopic sacro-colpopexy (LSC) is considered the standard surgical option for the management of a symptomatic apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Women who have their uterus, and for whom an ...

    Authors: Daniel Gagyor, Vladimir Kalis, Martin Smazinka, Zdenek Rusavy, Radovan Pilka and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Vulval lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a common condition. Despite this, there is a paucity of research investigating the impact on women’s lives. Some women with VLS utilise online forums to discuss their prioritie...

    Authors: Gemma L. Bentham, Kristyn Manley, Shehrazad Halawa and Lucy Biddle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In 2011, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) strengthened its disability claims processes for military sexual trauma, hoping to reduce gender differences in initial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) dis...

    Authors: Maureen Murdoch, Michele Roxanne Spoont, Nina Aileen Sayer, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes and Siamak Noorbaloochi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diastasis of rectus abdominis (DRA) refers to a separation of the rectus abdominis from the linea alba. This study aimed to investigate the association with the severity of DRA for developing pelvic floor dysf...

    Authors: Hui Fei, Yun Liu, Mengxiong Li, Juan He, Lixiang Liu, Juanhua Li, Ying Wan and Tian Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mammography screening is the main method for early detection of breast cancer in Norway. Few studies have focused on psychological determinants of both attendance and non-attendance of publicly available mammo...

    Authors: Anna Ivanova and Ingela Lundin Kvalem

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite the fact that cervical cancer is preventable and curable in the early stages, it still remains to be a major public health problem in India. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awarene...

    Authors: Poongodi Chellapandian, Sindhura Myneni, Divya Ravikumar, Padmavathy Padmanaban, Kavin Mozhi James, Vahitha Mala Kunasekaran, Rejili Grace Joy Manickaraj, Christina Puthota Arokiasamy, Poonguzhali Sivagananam, Pandian Balu, Udayakumari Meesala Chelladurai, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Gayathri Baluswamy, Radhika Nalinakumari Sreekandan, Devakumar Kamaraj, Sumetha Suga Deiva Suga…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The method of communicating a positive cancer screening result should seek to alleviate psychological distress associated with a positive result. We evaluated whether the provision of information through a lea...

    Authors: Yukari Isaka, Ai Hori, Rie Tanaka and Masao Ichikawa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) is a commonly used scale for the assessment of female sexual function. Our aim was to develop and validate a Spanish short version of the FSFI.

    Authors: Laura Mateu Arrom, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Mónica González, Joan Palou, Carlos Errando-Smet and Inés Ramírez-García

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Zinc and copper are essential trace elements and play a crucial role in the homeostasis of connective tissues. In this study, we aimed to define zinc and copper levels in the vaginal tissue and establish wheth...

    Authors: Anett Csikós, Bence Kozma, Edina Baranyai, Ida Miklós, Kindra Larson, Róbert Póka and Peter Takacs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents remain largely unmet. For instance, over 20 million female adolescents in need of, a modern contraceptive method are not using any. This study dete...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Milton W. Musaba and David Mukunya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The present study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the risk for fragility fractures in postmenopausal Korean women.

    Authors: Jihan Kim, Sami Lee, Sung Soo Kim, Jong-Pyo Lee, Jong Sung Kim, Jin Gyu Jung, Seok Jun Yoon, Kyu Pil Kim, Chan-Keol Park and Yong-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Compared to their white counterparts, Latina breast cancer survivors experience poorer quality of care and worse health-related quality of life. Limited English proficiency (LEP) and patient engagement in canc...

    Authors: Jackie Bonilla, Cristian Escalera, Jasmine Santoyo-Olsson, Cathy Samayoa, Carmen Ortiz, Anita L. Stewart and Anna María Nápoles

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study was conducted to identify factors that are associated with failure of treatment using the levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in women with heavy menstrual bleeding.

    Authors: Pleun Beelen, Marian J. van den Brink, Malou C. Herman, Peggy M. Geomini, Ruben G. Duijnhoven and Marlies Y. Bongers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Our understanding of the experiences of women at reproductive age regarding sexual life and issues they may face after starting the treatment of breast cancer is limited. Therefore, this qualitative study aime...

    Authors: Maryam Maleki, Abbas Mardani, Mansour Ghafourifard and Mojtaba Vaismoradi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This study focuses on factors that may disproportionately affect female veterans’ mental health, compared to men, and is part of a larger study assessing the prevalence of mental health disorders and treatment...

    Authors: Richard E. Adams, Yirui Hu, Charles R. Figley, Thomas G. Urosevich, Stuart N. Hoffman, H. Lester Kirchner, Ryan J. Dugan, Joseph J. Boscarino, Carrie A. Withey and Joseph A. Boscarino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a condition with impaired ovarian function that occurred in women before the age of 40. Considering that women with POI are in reproductive age and their fertility and ...

    Authors: Somayeh Moukhah, Behzad Ghorbani, Zahra Behboodi-Moghadam and Simin Zafardoust

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs and control voiding. The first choice in the repair of pelvic floor function that is damaged during pregnancy and delivery is pelvic floor muscle training, which ...

    Authors: Mayumi Ikeda and Akiko Mori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Obstetric genital fistulas are an uncommon condition in developed countries. We evaluated their causes and management in women treated at a German pelvic floor centre.

    Authors: Christl Reisenauer, Bastian Amend, Claudius Falch, Harald Abele, Sara Yvonne Brucker and Jürgen Andress

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  39. North America is amidst an opioid overdose epidemic. In many settings, particularly Canada, the majority of overdose deaths occur indoors and impact structurally vulnerable people who use drugs alone, making t...

    Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Taylor Fleming, Ryan McNeil and Jade Boyd

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In the recent years, the number of Syrians living in Germany increased drastically due to the massive displacement caused by the Syrian conflict. Syrian migrant women in Germany are challenged by both the migr...

    Authors: Salma Kikhia, Ghaith Gharib, Alexandra Sauter, Natalia Caldeira Loss Vincens and Julika Loss

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  41. It has been suggested that premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may derive from either elevated oxidative stress or reduced antioxidant vitamin levels in the body; however, these relationships have been minimally studi...

    Authors: Robyn A. Frankel, Kara A. Michels, Keewan Kim, Daniel L. Kuhr, Ukpebo R. Omosigho, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lindsay Levine, Neil J. Perkins and Sunni L. Mumford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Previous studies indicated an impact of hormonal contraceptive use on oral health. This systematic review aimed to investigate the evidence supporting the impact of the use of hormonal contraceptives and perio...

    Authors: Micaele Maria Lopes Castro, Maria Karolina Martins Ferreira, Iasmin Encaua Essashika Prazeres, Paula Beatriz de Oliveira Nunes, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Lucianne Cople Maia and Rafael Rodrigues Lima

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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