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  1. Vitamin D deficiency is becoming a serious public health problem, even in sun-drenched cities like Karachi, Pakistan. We investigated the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with sociodemogr...

    Authors: Uzma Shamsi, Iqbal Azam, Azra Shamsi, Dua Shamsi and David Callen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Primary ovarian serous carcinomas (OSC) with extensive squamous differentiation is a rare, and histological diagnostic criteria and biological behavior have not been fully established. We present an extremely ...

    Authors: Yao Sun, Yuezhou Chen, Xiaofei Zhang, Hao Chen and Feng Zhou

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:193

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The termination of the menstrual cycle is correlated with a number of physiological alterations and symptoms that can negatively impact emotion and mood. We aimed to investigate the association of anxiety, dep...

    Authors: Nasibeh Barghandan, Neda Dolatkhah, Fariba Eslamian, Nahal Ghafarifar and Maryam Hashemian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research

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  4. 20–25% of women with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (HSIL) have residual lesions after conization. The state of the margin is generally considered to be a risk factor for recurrence or persiste...

    Authors: Xinmei Wang, Juan Xu, Yang Gao and Pengpeng Qu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:228

  5. Immigrant women in Taiwan experience a variety of acculturative and marital problems that result in a mental-health problems. We examined the mediational effect of marital adjustment on the relationship betwee...

    Authors: Mei-Huei Lien, Sheng-Shiung Huang and Hao-Jan Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Many factors influence the menopausal transition and the complexity of this transition increases with the addition of immigration transition. This review aims to identify the factors that influence the menopau...

    Authors: Ping Zou, Thumri Waliwitiya, Yan Luo, Winnie Sun, Jing Shao, Hui Zhang and Yanjin Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) is a potentially life-threatening disease that primarily occurs in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. NE has substantial morbidity and mortality, and its incidence has in...

    Authors: Masako Ishikawa, Kentaro Nakayama, Sultana Razia, Akiko Ishida, Hitomi Yamashita, Tomoka Ishibashi, Seiya Sato, Kiyoka Sawada, Hiroki Sasamori, Sonomi Kurose, Noriyoshi Ishikawa and Satoru Kyo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:187

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Tennessee women experience the 12th highest breast cancer mortality in the United States. We examined the geographic differences in breast cancer incidence in Tennessee between Appalachian and non-Appalachian ...

    Authors: Bonita Salmeron, Lohuwa Mamudu, Xiaohui Liu, Martin Whiteside and Faustine Williams

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cervical cancer disproportionately affects women in sub-Saharan Africa, compared with other world regions. In Ethiopia, a National Cancer Control Plan published in 2015, outlines an ambitious strategy to reduc...

    Authors: Breanne E. Lott, Atota Halkiyo, Dawit Worku Kassa, Tesfaye Kebede, Abdulkerim Dedefo, John Ehiri, Purnima Madhivanan, Scott Carvajal and Amr Soliman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research

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  10. Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a very rare condition, develops both in patients with other hematological neoplasms, and as isolated tumor. MS of the gynecologic tract is extremely rare. An available literature data a...

    Authors: Aleksina Shatilova, Larisa Girshova, Daniil Zaytsev, Irina Budaeva, Yuliya Mirolyubova, Darya Ryzhkova, Roman Grozov, Konstantin Bogdanov, Tatiana Nikulina, Dmitriy Motorin, Darina Zammoeva, Svetlana Efremova, Vladimir Ivanov, Alexey Petukhov, Yuliya Alekseeva and Andrey Zaritskey

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:184

    Content type: Case report

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  11. To date, few studies have assessed social relationships in patients with breast cancer during their chemotherapy process. This study aimed to explore profiles of instrumental, emotional, and informational supp...

    Authors: Tingting Cai, Qingmei Huang and Changrong Yuan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Female genital cutting (FGC) inflicts life-long injuries on women and their female children. It constitutes a violation of women’s fundamental human rights and threats to bodily integrity. Though decreasing, t...

    Authors: Babatunde M. Gbadebo, Adetokunbo T. Salawu, Rotimi F. Afolabi, Mobolaji M. Salawu, Adeniyi F. Fagbamigbe and Ayo S. Adebowale

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research

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  13. Cervical cancer treatment and care remains limited in Zimbabwe despite the growing burden of the disease among women. This study was aimed at investigating strategies to address barriers in accessing treatment...

    Authors: Oscar Tapera, Greta Dreyer, Anna Mary Nyakabau, Webster Kadzatsa, Babill Stray-Pedersen and Stephen James Heinrich Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Little research has been conducted about menopause in First Nations women. In response to the wishes of Cree women living in Maskwacis, Alberta, to start a dialogue on menopause, we undertook community-based p...

    Authors: Beate C. Sydora, Bonny Graham, Richard T. Oster and Sue Ross

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research article

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  15. HPV cervical cancer screening (CCS) must use validated HPV tests based on the molecular detection of either viral mRNA (Aptima HPV Assay—AHPV) or DNA. AHPV has demonstrated the same cross-sectional and longitu...

    Authors: R. Ibáñez, M. Mareque, R. Granados, D. Andía, M. García-Rojo, J. C. Quílez and I. Oyagüez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Women undergoing infertility treatment have poor quality of life. This may cause them to withdraw from or refuse treatment. Women undergoing frozen embryo transfer have a treatment interval. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Donghong Song, Xue Li, Min Yang, Na Wang, Yang Zhao, Siyu Diao, Xi Zhang, Xuemei Gou and Xiu Zhu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research

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  17. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer and cancer related deaths in Jamaican women. In Jamaica, women often present with advanced stages of breast cancer, despite the availability of screening mammograph...

    Authors: Sheray N. Chin, Derria Cornwall, Derek I. Mitchell, Michael E. McFarlane and Joseph M. Plummer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Clinical trials have found that a monthly dapivirine vaginal ring was well-tolerated and reduced HIV-1 risk among women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, in order for the ring or other novel prevention methods t...

    Authors: Jonah Leslie, Flavia Kiweewa, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Katherine Bunge, Felix Mhlanga, Betty Kamira, Jared Baeten, Ariana Katz, Sharon Hillier and Elizabeth Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infections are the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) globally. The latter has contributed to a variety of adverse outcomes for both sexes...

    Authors: Ilka Kassandra Pereira Belfort, Ana Paula Almeida Cunha, Francisco Pedro Belfort Mendes, Leonardo Victor Galvão-Moreira, Renata Gaspar Lemos, Lucas Henrique de Lima Costa, Pablo Monteiro, Mariele Borges Ferreira, Gerusinete Rodrigues Bastos dos Santos, Joyce Leal Costa, Alice de Sá Ferreira, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Luciane Maria Oliveira Brito, Flávia Castello Branco Vidal and Sally Cristina Moutinho Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Maternal and child health care (MCH) services aim at improving the overall health outcomes of both the mother and newborn. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked with poor health outcomes and under us...

    Authors: Praise W. Magombo, Peter A. M. Ntenda and Owen Nkoka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in adult female in Taiyuan and what are the related risk factors are not clear. The aim of this study was to provide a basis for exploring the prevention and...

    Authors: Rui Qin Zhang, Man Cheng Xia, Fan Cui, Jia Wei Chen, Xiao Dong Bian, Hong Jie Xie and Wei Bing Shuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research

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  22. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among Peruvian women. Barriers at multiple levels impact effective screening and treatment, including a lack of knowledge about cervical cancer and how regular scree...

    Authors: Thomas T. Miles, Amy R. Riley-Powell, Gwenyth O. Lee, Esther E. Gotlieb, Gabriela C. Barth, Emma Q. Tran, Katherine Ortiz, Cynthia Anticona Huaynate, Lilia Cabrera, Patti E. Gravitt, Richard A. Oberhelman and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Catamenial pneumothorax is characterized by spontaneous recurring pneumothorax during menstruation, which is a common clinical manifestation of thoracic endometriosis syndrome. There are still controversies ab...

    Authors: Bo Dong, Chun-Li Wu, Yin-liang Sheng, Bin Wu, Guan-Chao Ye, Ya-Fei Liu, Shi-Hao Li, Lu Han and Yu Qi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:167

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Dyslipidemia in metabolic syndrome may introduce an underestimation of the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) using Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) as a surrogate marker. Recently, non-High-Dens...

    Authors: Helena Bergström, Lena Ekström, Anna Warnqvist, Peter Bergman and Linda Björkhem-Bergman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cisplatin is a popular antineoplastic agent used to treat cervical cancer in women from low and middle-income countries. Cisplatin treatment is associated with ototoxicity, often resulting in hearing loss. In ...

    Authors: Jessica Paken, Cyril D. Govender, Mershen Pillay, Birhanu T. Ayele and Vikash Sewram

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research

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  26. Family planning services deliver a wide range of benefits to the well-being of females and the community. It can curtail the risk of maternal and neonatal mortality through the reduction in abortions and pregn...

    Authors: Muhammad Farhan Asif, Zahid Pervaiz, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Ghulam Abid and Zohra S. Lassi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research

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  27. Contrary to overt hypothyroidism, the true impact of subclinical hypothyroidism on fertility has not been well established. This study aimed to investigate whether serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) value...

    Authors: Lale Susan Karakis, Huseyin Kiyak, Berfin Okmen, Cagdas Ozdemir and Engin Turkgeldi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research

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  28. Teenage parenting is recognised as one of the greatest health and social problems in South Africa. Research in South Africa has shown that by the age of 18 years, more than 30% of teens have given birth at lea...

    Authors: Samantha L. Coert, Babatope O. Adebiyi, Edna Rich and Nicolette V. Roman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Chemoprevention is one of several methods that have been developed to help high-risk women reduce their risk of breast cancer. Reasons for the low uptake of chemoprevention are poorly understood. This paper se...

    Authors: Tasleem J. Padamsee, Megan Hils and Anna Muraveva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:204

  30. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) is a widely used vaginal procedure for correction of apical vaginal prolapse. The objective of this study was to evaluate subjective and objective outcomes of SSLF perform...

    Authors: Susanne Greisen, Susanne Maigaard Axelsen, Karl Møller Bek, Rikke Guldberg and Marianne Glavind-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research

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  31. Back pain (BP) is among the most common musculoskeletal problems globally and is a leading contributor to disability among adults. Millions of women especially those in low-income settings, engage in strenuous...

    Authors: Abisola Osinuga, Chelsea Hicks, Segun E. Ibitoye, Marin Schweizer, Nathan B. Fethke and Kelly K. Baker

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against women is a major public health and human rights problem worldwide. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has one of the highest prevalence of IPV against women in the world. This stu...

    Authors: Maria Sarah Nabaggala, Tarylee Reddy and Samuel Manda

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Awareness about cervical cancer screening and vaccination in the developed countries are high as compared to the developing countries. Sixty to eighty percent (60–80%) of the women who develop cervical cancer ...

    Authors: Evans Appiah Osei, Stella Appiah, Judith Elinam Gaogli and Ezekiel Oti-Boadi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The number of patients desiring implant-based breast reconstruction has been increasing. While local recurrence is observed in patients with breast reconstruction, only a few reports have focused on the risk f...

    Authors: Miwa Fujihara, Rie Yamasaki, Mitsuya Ito, Tadahiko Shien, Reina Maeda, Takanori Kin, Ayako Ueno, Yukiko Kajiwara, Kensuke Kawasaki, Kouichi Ichimura, Hiroya Mihara, Naritaka Kimura and Shoichiro Ohtani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Despite the high prevalence and severe consequences for health and wellbeing, epidemiological research of neglected emotional needs during childhood is scarce and little is known about its relation to parental...

    Authors: Jesper Löve, Kirsten Mehlig, Åsa Källström, Gunnel Hensing and Hrafnhildur Gunnarsdottir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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