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  1. Content type: Research article

    To determine whether oral norethindrone acetate is superior to combined oral contraceptives (OCP) in delaying menstruation and preventing breakthrough bleeding when started late in the cycle.

    Authors: Joshua Dean, Katherine J. Kramer, Fauzia Akbary, Shaunte Wade, Maik Hüttemann, Jay M. Berman and Maurice-Andre Recanati

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:70

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  2. Content type: Case report

    We encountered a woman with vaginal cancer that was associated with complete uterine prolapse and complicated by severe intrauterine adhesions. In this case report, we describe the clinical course and successf...

    Authors: Naoya Ishibashi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Mikiko Asai-Sato, Kei Kawana and Masahiro Okada

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:69

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Dienogest has been shown to substantially improve endometriosis-associated symptoms such as debilitating chronic pelvic pain, and in turn, health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To date, there is no data on p...

    Authors: Kitirat Techatraisak, Andon Hestiantoro, Soon Ruey, Maria Jesusa Banal-Silao, Mee-Ran Kim, Seok Ju Seong, Syarief Thaufik, Christiane Ahlers, So Young Shin and Byung Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:68

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  4. Content type: Research article

    International literature reveals that single mothers experience increased levels of chronic stress, which is mainly due to economic hardship and reduced levels of social support. Eventually this leads to psych...

    Authors: Elena Rousou, Christiana Kouta, Nicos Middleton and Maria Karanikola

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:67

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is prevalent in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, but there is a lack of adequate knowledge about how the practice is perceived by the women population who are the direct victims of the p...

    Authors: Hamdia M. Ahmed, Sherzad A. Shabu and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:66

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Ovarian insufficiency is a major concern for long-term cancer survivors. Although semen freezing is well established to preserve male fertility, the possibilities to secure post-cancer female fertility are mos...

    Authors: Triin Tammiste, Keiu Kask, Peeter Padrik, Külli Idla, Karin Rosenstein, Tatjana Jatsenko, Piret Veerus and Andres Salumets

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:65

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Endometriosis is a chronic disease impacting on many aspects of a woman’s life. Because of the chronic and recurring nature, many of the impacts of endometriosis could be missed using existing questionnaires w...

    Authors: Maryam Moradi, Melissa Parker, Anne Sneddon, Violeta Lopez and David Ellwood

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:64

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A high endogenous progesterone luteal state in the menstrual cycle has been independently associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) incidence in epidemiological studies. Hormonal contraception particu...

    Authors: Resha Boodhram, Dhayendre Moodley, Nathlee Abbai and Gita Ramjee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:63

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Pain impacts upon psychological wellbeing. In pregnant and postpartum women psychological distress may negatively affect the mother-infant relationship and lead to adverse infant development. Yet, co-occurrenc...

    Authors: April M. Miller, Fiona Judd, Peter A. Dargaville and Amanda L. Neil

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:62

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Despite the existence of an abortion law and a safe abortion policy in Ghana, the Ghana Statistical Service found that 15% of all women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) have practiced unsafe abortio...

    Authors: Confidence Alorse Atakro, Stella Boatemaa Addo, Janet Sintim Aboagye, Awube Menlah, Isabella Garti, Kwaku Gyimah Amoa-Gyarteng, Theresa Sarpong, Peter Adatara, Kwasi Junior Kumah, Bernard Bediako Asare, Ami Korkor Mensah, Squiter Hans Lutterodt and George Sedinam Boni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:60

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The recurrence rate after unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO) for unilateral endometrioma has not been reported. We evaluated the rate of and risk factors for endometrioma recurrence after USO.

    Authors: Tokie Hidari, Tetsuya Hirata, Tomoko Arakawa, Kaori Koga, Kazuaki Neriishi, Shinya Fukuda, Akari Nakazawa, Natsuki Nagashima, Suke Ma, Hui Sun, Masashi Takamura, Miyuki Harada, Yasushi Hirota, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Tomoyuki Fujii and Yutaka Osuga

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:59

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Studies have demonstrated that women with low desire and low excitement have negative feelings regarding their physical and emotional satisfaction, as well as their happiness. In this study, we evaluate the ef...

    Authors: S. Palacios, E. Soler, M. Ramírez, M. Lilue, D. Khorsandi and F. Losa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:58

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The ovarian reserve in women is known to correlate with anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, and currently the latest, third-generation, fully-automated AMH immunoassays, such as Access and Cobas, are beginnin...

    Authors: Tomoya Segawa, Kenji Omi, Yoshiaki Watanabe, Yaeko Sone, Masaki Handa, Masako Kuroda, Osamu Miyauchi, Hisao Osada and Shokichi Teramoto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:57

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Individuals born very preterm or with very low birth weight (VLBW) have a reduced likelihood to reproduce according to population-based register studies. Extremely low-birth weight born adults had a lower repr...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Pia Törnblom, P-O Gäddlin, Orvar Finnström, Ingemar Leijon, Nina Nelson, Elvar Theodorsson and Mats Hammar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:56

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Restrictive abortion laws are the single most important determinant of unsafe abortion, a major, yet preventable, global health issue. While reviews have been conducted on the extent of the phenomenon, no stud...

    Authors: Sonia Chemlal and Giuliano Russo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:55

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Indigenous Maya women in Guatemala show some of the worst maternal health indicators worldwide. Our objective was to test acceptability, feasibility and impact of a co-designed group psychosocial intervention (Wo...

    Authors: Anne Marie Chomat, Aura Isabel Menchú, Neil Andersson, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Duncan Pedersen, Alexandra Bleile, Paola Letona and Ricardo Araya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:53

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) in the developing world is not known. A nonclinical screening tool for prolapse is needed in the resource poor setting. In this study, we aim to determine the valid...

    Authors: Dawit Worku Kassa, Yirgu Gebrehiwot Ferede and Polina Advolodkina

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:52

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Between 1957 and 1961 the substance Thalidomide was sold in West Germany and taken by many women as a sedative during pregnancy. This lead to miscarriages and infants been born with several severe malformation...

    Authors: Christina Samel, Christian Albus, Irmgard Nippert, Alexander Niecke, Markus Lüngen, Holger Pfaff and Klaus M. Peters

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:51

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    There is lack of population level data on prevalence and distribution of common benign women’s health conditions such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, polycystic ovary syndrome from the Eastern Mediterranea...

    Authors: M. B. Hocaoglu, S. Gurkas, T. Karaderi, B. Taneri, K. Erguler, B. Barin, E. M. Bilgin, G. Eralp, M. Allison, N. Findikli, K. Boynukalin, M. Bahceci, H. Naci, K. Vincent, S. A. Missmer, C. M. Becker…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:50

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) affects up to 40% of parous women which adversely affects the quality of life. During a life time, 20% of all women will undergo an operation. In general the guidelines advise a vag...

    Authors: Sascha F. M. Schulten, Rosa A. Enklaar, Kirsten B. Kluivers, Sanne A. L. van Leijsen, Marijke C. Jansen-van der Weide, Eddy M. M. Adang, Jeroen van Bavel, Heleen van Dongen, Maaike B. E. Gerritse, Iris van Gestel, G. G. Alec Malmberg, Ronald J. C. Mouw, Deliana A. van Rumpt-van de Geest, Wilbert A. Spaans, Annemarie van der Steen, Jelle Stekelenburg…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:49

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common infection affecting women worldwide. Reports of patterns/risk factors/trends for episodic/recurrent VVC (RVVC) are largely outdated. The purpose of this study was to ...

    Authors: Junko Yano, Jack D. Sobel, Paul Nyirjesy, Ryan Sobel, Valerie L. Williams, Qingzhao Yu, Mairi C. Noverr and Paul L. Fidel Jr

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:48

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  22. Content type: Technical advance

    European guidelines for cervical cancer screening now recommend the use of clinically validated assays for high-risk HPV-DNA sequences as primary test in women older than 30 years, performed in centralized lab...

    Authors: Helena Frayle, Silvia Gori, Martina Rizzi, Bianca Nives Graziani, Elisa Vian, Paolo Giorgi Rossi and Annarosa Del Mistro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:47

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    In women with abnormal uterine bleeding, fibroids are a frequent finding. In case of heavy menstrual bleeding and presence of submucosal type 0–1 fibroids, hysteroscopic resection is the treatment of first cho...

    Authors: Julia F. van der Meulen, Marlies Y. Bongers, Sjors F. P. J. Coppus, Judith E. Bosmans, José M. C. Maessen, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Lucilla E. Overdijk, Celine M. Radder, Lucet F. van der Voet, Nicol A. C. Smeets, Huib A. A. M. van Vliet, Wouter J. K. Hehenkamp, Arentje P. Manger, Wilbert A. Spaans, Erica A. Bakkum, Nicole Horrée…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:46

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common urogenital condition affecting 41–50% of women over the age of 40. To achieve early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, it is important that care is sensitive to and meets wo...

    Authors: Purva Abhyankar, Isabelle Uny, Karen Semple, Sarah Wane, Suzanne Hagen, Joyce Wilkinson, Karen Guerrero, Douglas Tincello, Edward Duncan, Eileen Calveley, Andrew Elders, Doreen McClurg and Margaret Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:45

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Understanding reasons for and impact of women’s toileting behaviors on bladder health is important to prevent and manage urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB).

    Authors: Mary H. Palmer, Jennifer M. Wu, Celine S. Marquez, Betty Rupp, Mitchell M. Conover and Diane K. Newman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:44

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), practical and affordable strategies for cervical cancer screening are needed to detect and treat pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions in a timely fashion. This study p...

    Authors: Justin Lussy Paluku, Tamar E. Carter, Miriam Lee and Susan A Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:43

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mode of birth has been found to be associated with maternal postnatal adjustment with women who have Caesarean Sections (CS) thought to be at higher risk of emotional distress. However the relationship is comp...

    Authors: Fiona Alderdice, Jane Henderson, Charles Opondo, Marci Lobel, Maria Quigley and Maggie Redshaw

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:42

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  28. Content type: Research article

    One of the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity is unsafe abortion. Globally 55.7million of abortions occurred each year between 2010 and 2014. In lower resource countries 24.3 million abortions w...

    Authors: Jamuna Tamrakar Sayami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:41

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Globally, women face many barriers in the attainment of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Since 2002, the legalisation of abortion in Nepal has seen significant progress in the expansion of saf...

    Authors: Claire Rogers, Sabitri Sapkota, Anita Tako and Jaya A. R. Dantas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:40

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Symptomatic iron deficiency (ID) is a disorder affecting 10–20% of menstruating women. ID is diagnosed by measuring serum ferritin, a protein helping to store iron in the body. A deeper understanding of the as...

    Authors: Patricia R. Blank, Yuki Tomonaga, Thomas D. Szucs and Matthias Schwenkglenks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:39

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Cervical screening attendance among 50–64 year-olds is suboptimal. Understanding attitudes to screening and reasons for non-attendance in older women will help to identify the content of interventions for this...

    Authors: Laura Marlow, Emily McBride, Laura Varnes and Jo Waller

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:38

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and bladder, and/or between the vagina and rectum, triggered by prolonged obstructed labor. The World Health Organization has estimated that at least 50,000 to 10...

    Authors: Misganaw Animut, Abebe Mamo, Lakew Abebe, Million Abera Berhe, Shifera Asfaw and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:37

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence exposes women to a wide range of health problems that can either directly or indirectly lead to maternal death. Although in a number of studies intimate partner violence has been asso...

    Authors: Abdulbasit Musa, Catherine Chojenta, Ayele Geleto and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:36

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Until now, no previous study has addressed the menstrual patterns among female international students in China. In this present study, our objectives are to ascertain the menstrual characteristics and address ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Ansong, Samuel Kofi Arhin, Yaoyao Cai, Xinxin Xu and Xueqing Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:35

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological research suggests an interrelationship between mental health problems and the (re)occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, little is known about the impact of mental health treat...

    Authors: W. A. Tol, S. M. Murray, C. Lund, P. Bolton, L. K. Murray, T. Davies, J. Haushofer, K. Orkin, M. Witte, L. Salama, V. Patel, G. Thornicroft and J. K. Bass

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:34

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal douching is a common practice among women all over the world. Women douche for various reasons, despite evidence indicating the harmful health effects of the practice. There is lack of data on the prac...

    Authors: Florence Assibi Ziba, Vida Nyagre Yakong, Rockson Asaan Asore, Keville Frederickson and Michele Flynch

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:32

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Local treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) by Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) has been correlated with reproductive morbidity, while the cervicovaginal microbiota is also known...

    Authors: Johanna Wiik, Verena Sengpiel, Maria Kyrgiou, Staffan Nilsson, Anita Mitra, Tom Tanbo, Christine Monceyron Jonassen, Tone Møller Tannæs and Katrine Sjøborg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:30

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a large disparity between alcohol treatment access and prevalence of hazardous drinking among same-sex attracted women (SSAW). Yet, this population typically report low satisfaction with care and a re...

    Authors: Rachel Bush, Rhonda Brown, Ruth McNair, Liliana Orellana, Dan I. Lubman and Petra K. Staiger

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:29

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer diagnosed at a young age is often associated with aggressive biology, advanced stage, and unfavorable prognosis. The median age of breast cancer diagnosis in Indonesia is younger (48 vs. 68 years...

    Authors: Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Clarista Adelia Raharjo, Rahma Herviastuti, Ery Kus Dwianingsih, Didik Setyoheriyanto, Widya Surya Avanti, Lina Choridah, Wirsma Arif Harahap, Darwito, Teguh Aryandono and Wahyu Wulaningsih

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:28

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) has been shown to have a profound negative impact on women’s quality of life and lead to increases in health care costs; however, data on HMB among Chinese population is still ra...

    Authors: Chengyi Ding, Jing Wang, Yu Cao, Yuting Pan, Xueqin Lu, Weiwei Wang, Lin Zhuo, Qinjie Tian and Siyan Zhan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:27

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The use of long-acting and permanent method (LAPM) for family planning (FP) is of importance to the FP movement. A better understanding of how fertility-related intentions shape the usage of LAPM is important ...

    Authors: Joshua Amo-Adjei, Michael Mutua, Carol Mukiira, Namuunda Mutombo, Sherine Athero, Alex Ezeh and Chimaraoke Izugbara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:26

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  42. Content type: Debate

    Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, should confer a health benefit to the host. Media sources tend to present probiotics as an appealing health promotion method able...

    Authors: Laura Buggio, Edgardo Somigliana, Alessandra Borghi and Paolo Vercellini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:25

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The risk for obesity-related diseases increases with the prevalence of obesity. In obesity, adipokines secreted from adipose tissue induce inflammation, causing adverse effects. Recently, adipokines such as ap...

    Authors: Sun-Hwa Jang, Il-Young Paik, Jae-Hoon Ryu, Tae-Hyung Lee and Dae-Eun Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:23

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The family planning component of postabortion care (PAC) is critical, as it helps women to prevent unintended pregnancies and reduce future incidence of life-threatening unsafe abortion. In Tanzania, PAC was r...

    Authors: Colin Baynes, J. Kahwa, G. Lusiola, F. Mwanga, J. Bantambya, L. Ngosso and M. Hiza

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:22

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