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  1. Afar region is one of the pastoralist dominated regions in Ethiopia. The region is characterized by a low contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 5.4%. Lack of awareness of contraceptive use, husband objection ...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Elizabeth Reed and Afework Mulugeta Bezabih

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths among women of reproductive age in Peru. Screening and early identification of pre-cancerous lesions are a cornerstone of the cervical cancer prevention stra...

    Authors: Michelle M. Pieters, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Emily Coffey, Megan J. Huchko and Lavanya Vasudevan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Anovulation is one of the common causes of infertility. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common disorder with chronic Anovulation. To the best of our knowledge, insulin resistance relates significa...

    Authors: Maliheh Amirian, Sedigheh Shariat Moghani, Faezeh Jafarian, Masoumeh Mirteimouri, Shima Nikdoust, Shabnam Niroumand, Maryam Salehi and Aryan Payrovnaziri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Increasing access to safe abortion methods is crucial for improving women’s health. Understanding patterns of service use is important for identifying areas for improvement. Limited evidence is available in Gh...

    Authors: Caesar Agula, Elizabeth G. Henry, Patrick O. Asuming, Charles Agyei-Asabere, Mawuli Kushitor, David Canning, Iqbal Shah and Ayaga A. Bawah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Epidemiological data on the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence is critical to understanding the magnitude of the problem and designing effective interventions. Drawing from cross-sectional ...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Elmon Mudefi and Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The formation of a uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is rare and isolated cases have been reported in the existing literature following caesarean sections, curettages and cone biopsies. There has been no report of...

    Authors: Judith Ong, Kelvin Lee, Soe-Na Choo, Stanley Loh, Li Min Lim, Yee Yong Chen and Kuldip Singh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:298

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Admission of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit limits the mother’s interaction with their infants, delaying accepting and playing the motherhood role. Besides, mothers of preterm infants have...

    Authors: Maryam Sohrabi, Mansooreh Azizzadeh forouzi, Roghayeh Mehdipour-Rabori, Behnaz Bagherian and Monirsadat Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research

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  8. The discrepancy in cervical cancer incidence between women with HIV and women without HIV is highest in low and middle-income countries. In Africa, cervical cancer is the most common cause of cancer death. As ...

    Authors: Mulugeta Wassie, Beletech Fentie and Tseganesh Asefa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:294

    Content type: Research

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  9. To investigate the relationship between sweating from hot flashes, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in peri- and postmenopausal women. And also the role of anxiety and depression in mediating sweating fr...

    Authors: Qian Zhou, Baisong Wang, Qi Hua, Qin Jin, Jun Xie, Jing Ma and Furui Jin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Single mothers in South Korea are vulnerable to developing smoking habits, due to many difficulties and limitations; however, they have often been overlooked by smoking cessation support services. Therefore, t...

    Authors: Mi-Ji Lee and Kang-Sook Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the commonest bacterial infections during pregnancy, leading to significant maternal and prenatal morbidity and mortality.

    Authors: Alemseged Workneh Ejerssa, Diriba Alemayehu Gadisa and Teferra Abula Orjino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research

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  12. Cervical cancer is considered treatable as long as it is detected early and managed effectively. Pap smear test is a screening tool that plays an important role in the early detection, prevention and can preve...

    Authors: Ali Khani Jeihooni, Hanieh Jormand and Pooyan Afzali Harsini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Returning to work after childbirth is challenging for working mothers. Childcare quality may have lifelong effects on children’s health, development and cognitive function. Over 60% of working women globally a...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Rachael Hinton, Lyn Haskins, Silondile Luthuli, Sphindile Mapumulo and Nigel Rollins

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cervical cancer is one of the most frequent types of cancer in females. The Pap smear is one of the most essential ways of diagnosing and screening for this malignancy, and any failure can be caused by a numbe...

    Authors: Tayebeh Marashi, Seyed Fahim Irandoost, Javad Yoosefi Lebni and Goli Soofizad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important public health problem with health and socioeconomic consequences and is endemic in Namibia. Studies assessing risk factors for IPV often use logistic and Poisson...

    Authors: Oludoyinmola Ojifinni, Innocent Maposa and Latifat Ibisomi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Consequences of long-term B cell depletion with rituximab are not well understood. We describe inflammatory vaginitis as a potential side effect of long-term rituximab treatment, distinct from previously descr...

    Authors: Laura Yockey, Sarah Dowst, Reza Zonozi, Noah Huizenga, Patrick Murphy, Karen Laliberte, Jillian Rosenthal, John L. Niles and Caroline M. Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The prevalence of Intimate partner violence (IPV) is higher in societies with higher acceptance of norms that support IPV. In Ethiopia, the proportion of women’s acceptance of IPV was 69%, posing a central cha...

    Authors: Emiru Merdassa Atomssa, Araya Abrha Medhanyie and Girmatsion Fisseha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Oxidized regenerated cellulose is considered an optimal local hemostatic agent thanks to its favorable biocompatibility, absorption characteristics and ease-of-use. Recently, oxidized regenerated cellulose has...

    Authors: Gianluca Franceschini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:281

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The original article was published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:99

  19. The connections between sleep quality and central obesity among reproductive-aged women are not clear. The study aimed to explore the association between sleep quality and central obesity among Chinese reprodu...

    Authors: Bingbing Li, Nan Liu, Donghui Guo, Bo Li, Yan Liang, Lingling Huang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Zhenzhen Su, Guozeng Zhang and Peixi Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although menstruation is a normal physiological process that begins in girls during adolescence, it has the potential to negatively impact on the self-esteem and education of girls particularly those from low-...

    Authors: Maxwell Tii Kumbeni, Florence Assibi Ziba, Joana Apenkwa and Easmon Otupiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research

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  21. The first birth is the most significant events in a woman's life that indicates the beginning of undertaking the intensive responsibilities of motherhood and childcare. Age at first birth has health, economic ...

    Authors: Desalegn Anmut Bitew, Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu and Abebaw Addis Gelagay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research

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  22. Gynecologic cancers are among the most prevalent malignancies in China. Cervical and uterine cancer respectively account for the sixth and eighth highest incidence of cancer among Chinese women. Abdominal surg...

    Authors: Ting Zhang, Ying-ying Zheng, Zhi-rong Yang, Qiuling Shi, Xin Shelley Wang, Jun Zhao, Min Yang, Chun-lin Wu and Guo-rong Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:276

    Content type: Research

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  23. One-handed backhand (OB) and two-handed backhand (TB) styles are commonly used in tennis, but only TB generates loadings on the non-dominant arm and a greater extension torque on the rear leg, leading to a gre...

    Authors: Ho-Seng Wang, Yi-Shan Tsai, Yung-Chih Chen, Hsiao-Han Chao, Hsin-Shih Lin, Yi-Pin Chiang and Hou-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research

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  24. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an important health issue for women. Infection and inflammation play an important role in carcinogenesis and PID has been reported to be associated with ovarian cancer in s...

    Authors: Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Kent Yu-Hsien Lin, Chien-Chu Huang and Wu-Chou Lin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:274

    Content type: Research

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  25. Unsafe abortion is one of the major public health problems in Thailand. Although the penal code of Thailand and the Thai Medical Council permit doctors to perform safe abortion in certain conditions, little is...

    Authors: Nithiwat Saengruang, Nisachol Cetthakrikul, Anond Kulthanmanusorn, Somtanuek Chotchoungchatchai, Nareerut Pudpong and Rapeepong Suphanchaimat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research

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  26. In 2016, the national user fee exemption policy for women and children under five was introduced in Burkina Faso. It covers most reproductive healthcare services for women including prenatal care, delivery, an...

    Authors: Camille Beaujoin, Alice Bila, Frank Bicaba, Véronique Plouffe, Abel Bicaba and Thomas Druetz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:272

    Content type: Research

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  27. Malignant obstruction and associated hydronephrosis is a common complication of advanced cervical cancer. Percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) followed by antegrade stenting is often required to relieve obstruction ...

    Authors: Yi-Hsuan Chen, Marcelo Chen and Yu-Hsin Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:270

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. An adenomyoma is a well circumscribed form of adenomyosis and can be located within the myometrium, in the endometrium as a polyp, or extrauterine with the last being the rarest presentation amongst the three....

    Authors: Mohammed Nagdi Zaki, Aafia Mohammed Farooq Gheewale, Nada Ibrahim and Ibrahim Abd Elrahman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:269

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. The majority of postmenopausal breast cancer (PMBC) survivors do not adhere to lifestyle recommendations and have excess body weight. In this group, this is associated with poorer health-related quality of lif...

    Authors: Sandra J. M. van Cappellen-van Maldegem, Floortje Mols, Nicole Horevoorts, Anja de Kruif, Laurien M. Buffart, Dounya Schoormans, Hester Trompetter, Sandra Beijer, Nicole P. M. Ezendam, Michiel de Boer, Renate Winkels, Ellen Kampman, Jantine Schuit, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Jacob C. Seidell and Meeke Hoedjes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:268

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Cervical cancer is the leading cause of female cancer mortality in Botswana with the majority of cervical cancer patients presenting with late-stage disease. The identification of factors associated with late-...

    Authors: Tara M. Friebel-Klingner, Rebecca Luckett, Lisa Bazzett-Matabele, Tlotlo B. Ralefala, Barati Monare, Mercy Nkuba Nassali, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Memory Bvochora, Nandita Mitra, Douglas Wiebe, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Anne Marie McCarthy and Surbhi Grover

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research

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  31. Robert’s uterus is a rare Mullerian anomaly, which can be described as an asymmetric, septate uterus with a non-communicating hemicavity. Herein, we present the case of a misdiagnosed Robert’s uterus, resultin...

    Authors: Iori Kisu, Kanako Nakamura, Tetsuro Shiraishi, Tomoko Iijima, Moito Iijima, Kiyoko Matsuda and Nobumaru Hirao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:264

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Perimenopausal women experience a wide variety of systemic symptoms: hot flashes, sweating, mental health concerns and various oral sensory complaints (OSC). OSC in perimenopausal women include xerostomia, tas...

    Authors: Tomoharu Taga, Kayoko Ito, Kiyoshi Takamatsu, Mariko Ogawa, Saori Funayama and Makoto Inoue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research

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  33. The effective use of contraception among adolescents and young women can reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies. However, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in this age group. The objective of ...

    Authors: Adja Mariam Ouédraogo, Adama Baguiya, Rachidatou Compaoré, Kadari Cissé, Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Anthony Somé, Halima Tougri and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:261

    Content type: Research

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  34. The influence of lifestyle factors on the quality of life, incidence and tumor recurrence has been evaluated in several studies and is gaining increasing importance in cancer research. However, the extent of t...

    Authors: Daniela Paepke, Clea Wiedeck, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Marion Kiechle and Christine Brambs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite women are generally overrepresented in behavioral, mental, and musculoskeletal disorders, motherhood as a central part of women’s life is poorly understood in relation to exhaustion and long-lasting pa...

    Authors: Anja Gebhardt, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Susanne Andermo and Maria Arman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research

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  36. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a significant public health issue that negatively affects the Quality of Life (QOL) of women in both low and high-income countries. About 20% of women will undergo surgery for PO...

    Authors: Musa Kayondo, Dan Kabonge Kaye, Richard Migisha, Rodgers Tugume, Paul Kalyebara Kato, Henry Mark Lugobe and Verena Geissbüehler

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:258

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Colposcopy offers an accurate way to the diagnose of cervical precancerous lesions. However, the diagnostic accuracy of colposcopy is unsatisfied. This study was to evaluate colposcopic accuracy according to t...

    Authors: Bei Zhang, Shuhui Hong, Guihui Zhang and Fengnian Rong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Female sex workers and addicted women are among the vulnerable groups who impose high costs on the health system of every society. They are prone to psychological problems such as anxiety, stress, and reduced ...

    Authors: Hamideh Adelian, Sedigheh Khodabandeh Shahraki, Sakineh Miri and Jamileh Farokhzadian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In developing countries, 20,000 under 18 children give birth every day. In Ethiopia, teenage pregnancy is high with Afar and Somalia regions having the largest share. Even though teenage pregnancy has bad mate...

    Authors: Seblewongel Tigabu, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Bisrat Misganaw Geremew

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:254

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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