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  1. Content type: Case report

    Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associa...

    Authors: Yannick Hurni, Marta Bonollo, Ludovica Ferrero, Gianmarco Taraschi, Claudia Canonica and Sophie Venturelli Reyes Lozano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:90

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This cross-sectional pilot study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of live colposcopy versus static image Swede-score evaluation for detecting significant precancerous cervical lesions greater than, or equal to gr...

    Authors: Katayoun Taghavi, Dipanwita Banerjee, Ranajit Mandal, Helena Kopp Kallner, Malin Thorsell, Therese Friis, Ljiljana Kocoska-Maras, Björn Strander, Albert Singer and Elisabeth Wikström

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:89

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is ...

    Authors: Christian Seitz, Vivian Lanius, Susanne Lippert, Christoph Gerlinger, Claudia Haberland, Frank Oehmke and Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:88

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Majority of the cases are found in developing countries. The increasing risk of cervical cancer death and the high prevalence of human ...

    Authors: Abebe Dires Nega, Mulat Adefris Woldetsadik and Abebaw Addis Gelagay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:87

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Despite the large-scale investment in access to contraceptives, high population growth and unintended pregnancies are posing pressures in Ethiopia where the economy is incapable of holding overpopulation. The ...

    Authors: Setegn Tigabu, Tesfa Demelew, Awol Seid, Bisrate Sime and Tsegahun Manyazewal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:85

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In Japan, although the number of females who continue to work after marriage has recently increased, the proportion of those working while parenting their infants is still not clearly increasing, indicating th...

    Authors: Reiko Suga, Mayumi Tsuji, Rie Tanaka, Eiji Shibata, Masayuki Tanaka, Ayako Senju, Shunsuke Araki, Seiichi Morokuma, Masafumi Sanefuji, Masako Oda, Nathan Mise, Yosuke Baba, Mina Hayama-Terada, Koichi Kusuhara, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Takahiko Katoh…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:86

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Abortion remains among the leading causes of maternal death worldwide. Post-abortion contraception is significantly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy and abortion if provided before women leave the ...

    Authors: Goshu Hagos, Gurmesa Tura, Gizienesh Kahsay, Kebede Haile, Teklit Grum and Tsige Araya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:83

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Estimately, 70–80% of cancer cases are diagnosed in late stages in Kenya with breast cancer being a common cause of mortality among women where late diagnosis is the major ubiquitous concern. Numerous studies ...

    Authors: Joyce Kisiangani, Joyce Baliddawa, Pamela Marinda, Hillary Mabeya, Joseph K. Choge, Eric Onyango Adino and Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:81

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Restoring the body as normal as possible increases quality of life. Aesthetically, almost perfect breast reconstructions can be created. However, these reconstructed breasts have almost no sensation. Our hypot...

    Authors: Anouk J. M. Cornelissen, Stefania M. H. Tuinder, Esther M. Heuts, René R. W. J. van der Hulst and Jenny Slatman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:82

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cousin marriages, in the Netherlands most frequently between Turkish or Moroccan couples, are at higher risk of having offspring with recessive disorders. Often, these couples not perceive or accept this risk,...

    Authors: Petra Verdonk, Suzanne Metselaar, Oka Storms and Edien Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder among women of reproductive age. Nearly 40% of women report problems with their menstrual cycles. Exercise is one of the recommended treatments to reduce sympto...

    Authors: Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad and Somayeh Sadeghi Goghary

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:80

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Postnatal care service enables health professionals to identify post-delivery problems including potential complications for the mother with her baby and to provide treatments promptly. In Ethiopia, postnatal ...

    Authors: Genet Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gebreamlak Gidey and Kidan Abrha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:78

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-se...

    Authors: Fayez T. Hammad, Hassan M. Elbiss and Nawal Osman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:77

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  14. Content type: Research article

    For physiological as well as behavioral reasons, sexual debut increases young individuals’ risk for infection with sexually transmitted infection including HIV. It is fundamental to recognize the factors relat...

    Authors: Digafe Tsegaye Nigatu, Asefa Seme, Shewaye Fituma and Mesfin Tafa Segni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:76

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods...

    Authors: Janne L. Gjerde, Guri Rortveit, Mulat Adefris, Tadesse Belayneh and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:74

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  16. Content type: Research article

    When a mother has cancer, families with minor children are confronted with major challenges for all family members. According to the Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response (FAAR) Model, the (im) balance bet...

    Authors: Laura Inhestern and Corinna Bergelt

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:72

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Immigrant women face greater barriers to health care, especially mental health care, than non-immigrant women. However, immigrants are a heterogeneous group and bring with them a range of different personal, s...

    Authors: Melanie L. Straiton, Heloise Marie L. Ledesma and Tam T. Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:73

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  18. Content type: Debate

    The abortion law in Cameroon is highly restrictive. The law permits induced abortions only when the woman’s life is at risk, to preserve her physical and mental health, and on grounds of rape or incest. Unsafe...

    Authors: Luchuo Engelbert Bain and Eugene Justine Kongnyuy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:71

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Childhood stunting (height-for-age z-scores below − 2), a form of chronic undernutrition, remains a global health burden. Although a growing literature has examined the association between mothers’ autonomy an...

    Authors: Yusuke Kamiya, Marika Nomura, Hina Ogino, Kanako Yoshikawa, Latsamy Siengsounthone and Phonepadith Xangsayarath

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:70

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, experienced by approximately two third of young women during menstruation. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the preva...

    Authors: Nastaran Najafi, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi and Rasoul Zarrin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:69

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  21. Content type: Technical advance

    The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervic...

    Authors: Amrei Krings, Anna M. Dückelmann, Lutz Moser, Johannes Gollrad, Maarten Wiegerinck, Johannes Schweizer and Andreas M. Kaufmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:68

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent girls’ family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine t...

    Authors: Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya and Francisco Rivera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:67

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the i...

    Authors: Andrea K. Blanchard, Sapna G. Nair, Sharon G. Bruce, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Prakash Javalkar, Priya Pillai, Martine Collumbien, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac and Parinita Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:66

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  24. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence for the association between dietary pattern and quality of life among breast cancer survivors. We examined the association between dietary patterns and health-related quality of life ...

    Authors: Na-Hui Kim, Sihan Song, So-Youn Jung, Eunsook Lee, Zisun Kim, Hyeong-Gon Moon, Dong-Young Noh and Jung Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:65

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Tubal pathology is a causative factor in 20% of subfertile couples. Traditionally, tubal testing during fertility work-up is performed by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) i...

    Authors: Joukje van Rijswijk, Nienke van Welie, Kim Dreyer, Machiel H. A. van Hooff, Jan Peter de Bruin, Harold R. Verhoeve, Femke Mol, Kimiko A. Kleiman-Broeze, Maaike A. F. Traas, Guido J. J. M. Muijsers, Arentje P. Manger, Judith Gianotten, Cornelia H. de Koning, Aafke M. H. Koning, Neriman Bayram, David P. van der Ham…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:64

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Women who have been treated for breast cancer may identify vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS), as a serious problem. HFNS are unpleasant to experience and can have a significant im...

    Authors: Deborah Fenlon, Jacqueline Nuttall, Carl May, James Raftery, Jo Fields, Emma Kirkpatrick, Julia Abab, Mary Ellis, Taylor Rose, Priya Khambhaita, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Jo Haviland, Gareth Griffiths, Lesley Turner and Myra Hunter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:63

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Large projects in the extractive industry sector can affect people’s health and wellbeing. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), women’s health is of particular concern in such contexts due to potential...

    Authors: Astrid M. Knoblauch, Mark J. Divall, Milka Owuor, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng’uni, Jürg Utzinger and Mirko S. Winkler

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:62

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Recently, as a complex integrating a number of modern high-tech means, robotic surgery system is a well-deserved revolutionary tool in globally minimally invasive surgical field. For the first time in China, t...

    Authors: Cheng Luo, Mei Liu and Xiuli Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:61

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal data from a rural Ugandan cohort was used to estimate rates of unfulfilled need for contraception, defined as having unmet need and intent to use contraception at baseline but having an unintended...

    Authors: Tom Lutalo, Ron Gray, John Santelli, David Guwatudde, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sanyukta Mathur, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda and Fredrick Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:60

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a pressing and prevalent public health problem. Existing research has found close associations between IPV and perinatal mental health, yet little...

    Authors: Trần Thơ Nhị, Nguyễn Thị Thúy Hạnh and Tine M. Gammeltoft

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:58

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  31. Content type: Research article

    A pilot screening campaign in Rwanda, based on careHPV-testing followed by visual inspection with acetic acid triage (careHPV+VIA triage), was evaluated against other WHO-recommended screening options, namely ...

    Authors: M. Chantal Umulisa, Silvia Franceschi, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Mathilde Uwimbabazi, Belson Rugwizangoga, Daniëlle A. M. Heideman, Anne M. Uyterlinde, Teresa M. Darragh, Peter J. F. Snijders, Felix Sayinzoga and Gary M. Clifford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:59

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic disorders and a frequently observed cause of anxiety and discomfort among female adolescents. Its prevalence varies between 16% and 91% in women of reproducti...

    Authors: Abebaw Abeje Muluneh, Tewodros seyuom Nigussie, Kahsay Zenebe Gebreslasie, Kiber Temesgen Anteneh and Zemenu Yohannes Kassa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:57

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing knowledge of sex-specific differences in cardiovascular disease and recognition of sex disparities in management. In our study, we investigated whether a cardiovascular programme tailored t...

    Authors: Ting Ting Low, Siew Pang Chan, Shin Hnin Wai, Zhou Ang, Kyu Kyu, Kim Yee Lee, Anne Ching, Sarah Comer, Naomi Qiu Pin Tan, Elizabeth Grace Hui En Thong, Tracy Nang, Mohan Dutta and Carolyn S. P. Lam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:56

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner...

    Authors: Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga and Charlotte Watts

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:55

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15–24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no vis...

    Authors: Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:54

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commo...

    Authors: K. C. Ekwedigwe, I. Sunday-Adeoye, M. O. Eliboh, M. E. Isikhuemen, H. Uro-Chukwu, P. Ezeonu, A. B. C. Daniyan and E. N. Yakubu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:53

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The vaginal microbiome influences quality of life and health. The composition of vaginal microbiota can be affected by various health behaviors, such as vaginal douching. The purpose of this study was to exami...

    Authors: Sara E. Crann, Shannon Cunningham, Arianne Albert, Deborah M. Money and Kieran C. O’Doherty

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:52

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study exa...

    Authors: Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Joseph A. Braimah, Sylvester Z. Galaa and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:49

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu and Zelalem Dendir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:50

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Unintended pregnancy is a persistent and global issue with consequences for the health and well-being of mothers and babies. The aim of this paper is to examine unintended pregnancy over time in the context of...

    Authors: Stephanie Ann Grilo, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Margo Mullinax, Sanyukta Mathur and John Santelli

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:46

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of the association between child death and maternal mental distress may help to understand the indirect impact of reduction of under-five mortality on maternal mental wellbeing. This will further hav...

    Authors: Girma Temam Shifa, Ahmed Ali Ahmed and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:44

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia (GT) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by defects in the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIA, and is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). HMB is a common compli...

    Authors: Meiqiu Lu and Xin Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:45

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Community Health Workers (CHWs) play an instrumental role in promoting socio-behavioural change at the community level, which results in changed indicators of community health. While outcomes are mostly review...

    Authors: Anagha Anand Mahajani, Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar and Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:42

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Curr...

    Authors: Boniface A. Ushie, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Michael M. Mutua and Caroline W. Kabiru

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:41

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