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  1. In Ethiopia, cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among women aged 15 to 44 years old. Cervical cancer screening is an effective measure to enhance the early detection of cervical cancer for prev...

    Authors: Abebe Belete Woldetsadik, Abebe Feyissa Amhare, Sintayehu Tsegaye Bitew, Leilei Pei, Jian Lei and Jing Han

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Vitamin E, which is critically important in the whole process of reproduction, can antagonize the oxidative stress caused by the oxygen free radicals and antioxidant imbalance and regulate normal physiological...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Qian Guo, Ying-hao Pei, Qing-ling Ren, Lei Chi, Rong-kui Hu and Yong Tan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting about 10% of women in reproductive age and associated with a variety of hormonal abnormalities, including hyperandrogenemia and infertility, ...

    Authors: Hussain H. Almalki, Turki M. Alshibani, Abdullah A. Alhifany and Omar A. Almohammed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Contraceptive utilization is a guarantee to avert unwanted pregnancies. In Ethiopia however, more than half of the rural women have shorter birth intervals. Consequently, 17 and 8% of the births have been eith...

    Authors: Terefe Derso, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Kassahun Alemu, Getu Debalkie Demissie, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Endalkachew Dellie, Telake Azale, Bisrat Misganaw, Adane Kebede, Destaw Fetene, Tsegaye Gebremdhin and Asmamaw Atnafu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Müllerianosis is a very rare neoplasm composed of two or three Müllerian derived tissues (endosalpinx, endometrium and endocervix). We report the first case of concurrent müllerianosis of the urinary bladder a...

    Authors: Syu Jhang, Marcelo Chen and Li-Chen Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:66

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, and it is also the cancer disease that most women die from. The high mortality rate is partly due to low attendance rates to screening s...

    Authors: Aleksandra Bakiewicz, Vibeke Rasch, Julius Mwaiselage and Ditte S. Linde

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Impaired sleep is common in menopausal women. The aim was to examine associations between uses of systemic menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and sleep disturbance in a large population sample.

    Authors: Randi Andenæs, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Nina Misvær, Lis Ribu, Ingvild Vistad and Sølvi Helseth

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Tobacco use is the number one cause of death and disability of women in the United States, and our women Veteran population is disproportionately affected. Despite revisions to the Veterans Affairs’ approach t...

    Authors: Kristin M. Berg, Stephanie J. Gruber and Douglas E. Jorenby

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common condition in reproductive-age women and is known to be positively associated with risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as chlamydia and gonorrh...

    Authors: Melinda B. Nye, Ayla B. Harris, Amanda J. Pherson and Charles P. Cartwright

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Modern contraceptive methods enable couples to enjoy sexual intercourse without fear of the risk of pregnancy at any desired time. The evidence from different studies done in Ethiopia on modern contraceptive m...

    Authors: Mamo Nigatu Gebre and Zerihun Kura Edossa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Cervical cancer remains a global health problem especially in remote areas of developing countries which have limited resources for cervical cancer screening. In this study, we evaluated the performance of a l...

    Authors: Ali Naqvi, Niti Manglik, Ellen Dudrey, Cynthia Perry, Zuber D. Mulla and Jorge L. Cervantes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Water-pipe smoking is the most common type of tobacco used among Iranian women. The aim of this study was to explain women’s perceptions of their intention for quitting water-pipe smoking based on the theory o...

    Authors: Leila Sabzmakan, Fatemeh Eslami, Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh and Nkeonye Judith Izuka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite Guatemala’s large indigenous population, indigenous health is often neglected in reported health data and interventions. Although this data is limited in scope, it shows that indigenous people have poo...

    Authors: Noor Tasnim, Emma M. Heneine, Casey M. MacDermod, Maria L. Perez and David L. Boyd

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite availability of modern contraceptive methods and documented unmet need for family planning in Ghana, many women still report forgoing modern contraceptive use due to anticipated side effects. The goal ...

    Authors: Leah A. Schrumpf, Maya J. Stephens, Nathaniel E. Nsarko, Eric Akosah, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Seth Ohemeng-Dapaah and Melissa H. Watt

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Adenomyosis is a benign gynecological condition in which endometrial tissue or endometrial-like tissue develops within the uterine myometrium. Few cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation has been repor...

    Authors: Fuminori Kimura, Akimasa Takahashi, Jun Kitazawa, Fumi Yoshino, Daisuke Katsura, Tsukuru Amano and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:56

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Self-sampling for HPV testing may be a method to increase overall cervical cancer screening rates among Black women, who are underscreened for cervical cancer in parts of the US. The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Erika Biederman, Victoria Champion and Gregory Zimet

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Endometrial sampling for the surveillance of women with Lynch syndrome is an invasive and painful procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a less invasive procedure of collecting vit...

    Authors: Jorien M. Woolderink, Geertruida H. De Bock, Bettien M. van Hemel, Erwin Geuken, Harry Hollema, Naomi Werner and Marian J. Mourits

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study was conducted to provide evidence on the current status of breast cancer and its incidence trend in Eastern Mediterranean Region during 1998–2019. Also, this study aimed to investigate the associati...

    Authors: Razieh Zahedi, Hossein Molavi Vardanjani, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Reza Malekpour Afshar, Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi, Fatemeh Tavakoli and Farzaneh Zolala

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acute water intoxication after hysteroscopy is a rare, life-threatening condition, often accompanied with delayed diagnosis owing to masked symptoms because of general anesthesia.

    Authors: Chen-Yi Liao, Chang-Han Lo, Mu-Xian Yu, Wei-Hung Chan, Kuang-yu Wei, Min-Feng Tseng and Chia-Chao Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:52

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The role of the mother can be deeply satisfying, but it is associated with many challenges including challenges during the postpartum period that may impede the optimal development of the infant. Therefore, th...

    Authors: Fatemeh Karami Chamgurdani, Jennifer L. Barkin, Khalil Esmaeilpour, Jamileh Malakouti, Massimiliano Buoli and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Breast cancer is a major life-threatening global public health problem. It is the most common form of cancer in females in many developing countries including Ethiopia. Social networks could change the course ...

    Authors: Rahel Aberaraw, Abdisa Boka, Roza Teshome and Addisu Yeshambel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer that affects women worldwide. It has been and remains the leading cause of cancer mortality among women in Ghana. Despite the fact that cervical cancer is preven...

    Authors: Benedict N. L. Calys-Tagoe, Justice M. K. Aheto, George Mensah, Richard B. Biritwum and Alfred E. Yawson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:49

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Denosumab is a major treatment option for patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis; however, the evidence for its use is lacking. Therefore, in this 24-month retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the effe...

    Authors: Masaki Kobayashi, Kenjiro Sawada, Akihiko Yoshimura, Misa Yamamoto, Aasa Shimizu, Kotaro Shimura, Naoko Komura, Mayuko Miyamoto, Kyoso Ishida and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Child marriage, a marriage that involves someone under the age of 18 years, is a long-standing social issue in Sarawak state, Malaysia. The state has taken several measures to improve situations of inequity fo...

    Authors: Ayako Kohno, Maznah Dahlui, Nik Daliana Nik Farid, Razitasham Safii and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Previous studies have identified that women living in developed countries have insufficient knowledge of factors which may be contributing to the increasingly high global infertility rates such as maternal age...

    Authors: Emmalee A. Ford, Shaun D. Roman, Eileen A. McLaughlin, Emma L. Beckett and Jessie M. Sutherland

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pregnancy provides an opportunity to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors. This study’s aim was to explore the perspectives of pregnant and postpartum women and obstetric providers around behavioral lifestyle c...

    Authors: Manasa S. Ayyala, Janelle W. Coughlin, Lindsay Martin, Janice Henderson, Nneamaka Ezekwe, Jeanne M. Clark, Lawrence J. Appel and Wendy L. Bennett

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), such as preeclampsia (PE) or the Hemolysis Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome are associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks, ...

    Authors: Hella E. C. Muijsers, Olivier W. H. van der Heijden, Karin de Boer, Chantal van Bijsterveldt, Ciska Buijs, Jens Pagels, Peter Tönnies, Susanne Heiden, Nel Roeleveld and Angela H. E. M. Maas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of obstetric fistula in the rural area of the south eastern community of India and the training of community health workers for its prevention.

    Authors: Dharitri Swain, Swayam Pragyan Parida, Saubhagya Kumar Jena, Mahasweta Das and Hrushikesh Das

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To investigate the effectiveness and safety of 3 mg drospirenone and 20 μg ethinyl estradiol tablet (3 mg DRSP/20 μg EE) in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

    Authors: Li Li, Ruiqin Zhang, Jing Zeng, Hu Ke, Xiuhong Peng, Liying Huang, Hongmei Zhang, Zhijing Chen, Tian Tian Li, Qiuxiao Tan, Ying Yang, Xiaofang Li and Xin Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Early diagnosis is a key determinant of breast cancer prognosis and survival. More than half of breast cancer cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage in Ethiopia, and the barriers to early diagnosis in this c...

    Authors: Sefonias Getachew, Aragaw Tesfaw, Mirgissa Kaba, Andreas Wienke, Lesley Taylor, Eva J. Kantelhardt and Adamu Addissie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Physiotherapists and midwives in primary healthcare often encounter women with an increased separation between the two rectus abdominis muscle bellies after pregnancy, a so-called increased inter recti distance (...

    Authors: Catharina Gustavsson and Martin Eriksson-Crommert

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The goal of cervical cancer screening is to identify dysplastic lesions for subsequent excision in order to prevent invasive disease. There is clinical equipoise, on how to best follow women for disease survei...

    Authors: Nicholas Papalia, Amanda Rohla, Selphee Tang, Jill Nation and Gregg Nelson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The surgical treatment of breast cancer involves various psychological consequences, which differ according to individual characteristics. Our study aimed to identify the role that cognitive schemas had in tri...

    Authors: Ana Cristina Bredicean, Zorin Crăiniceanu, Cristina Oprean, Ioana Alexandra Riviș, Ion Papavă, Ica Secoșan, Mirela Frandeș, Cătălina Giurgi-Oncu and Daciana Grujic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Preconception care is a set of interventions that are to be provided before pregnancy, to promrote the health and well-being of womwen and couples .

    Authors: Daniel Belema Fekene, Benyam Seifu Woldeyes, Maru Mossisa Erena and Getu Alemu Demisse

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Though modern contraceptive use among married women in Nepal has increased from 26% in 1996 to 43% in 2016, it remains low among postpartum women. Integration of counselling on family planning (FP) at the time...

    Authors: Mahesh C. Puri, Matthew Moroni, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan and Iqbal H. Shah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Menopause is associated with changes in sexual function which are partly due to vaginal atrophy in response to estrogen reduction. Estrogen administration temporarily reduces the symptoms of vaginal dryness, b...

    Authors: Zinat Sarebani, Zainab Alimoradi, Ehsan Aali, Monirsadat Mirzadeh, Venus Chegini, Mohammadreza Abbaspour and Mark D. Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Mother to child transmission is responsible for 90% of child infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV). Dual contraceptive use is one of the best actions to prevent mother’s human immune deficiency vi...

    Authors: Fewuze Abay, Hedija Yenus Yeshita, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Domestic violence (DV) has become a global burden. The high occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV) across the globe has implications for the socioeconomic wellbeing and health of children and women.

    Authors: Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pictorial blood loss assessment charts (PBACs) represent the most widely used method to assess menstrual blood loss (MBL) in clinical trials. The aims of this review were to: (1) determine the diagnostic accur...

    Authors: Julia L. Magnay, Shaughn O’Brien, Christoph Gerlinger and Christian Seitz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Little is known about the ocular surface changes over the menstrual cycle in young women and the interactions with lifestyle factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the associations betwee...

    Authors: Luisa H. Colorado, Katie Edwards, Lynne Dinh, Sarah Ha, Danica Liu, Annie Luu, Shona Trang, Tina H. Yu-Ting and Katrina L. Schmid

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Dominican Republic (DR) ranks among nations with the highest burden of HIV in the Caribbean. Cultural and gender roles in rural areas of the DR may place women at increased HIV risk. However, little is kno...

    Authors: Madeline C. Montgomery, Zachary Alholm, Alexi Almonte, Kevin J. Sykes, Gregory Rudolph, Brandon Cusick, Laura Castello, Genoviva Sowemimo-Coker, Irene Tang, Sarah Haberlack and Philip A. Chan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Patients deciding to undergo dilation and evacuation (D&E) or induction abortion for fetal anomalies or complications may be greatly influenced by the counseling they receive. We sought to compare maternal-fet...

    Authors: J. L. Kerns, J. K. Turk, C. M. Corbetta-Rastelli, M. G. Rosenstein, A. B. Caughey and J. E. Steinauer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Women’s empowerment is a process wherein females are afforded power over their own lives as well as their participation in the communities and larger societies to which they belong. An important aspect of such...

    Authors: Zahra Kiani, Masoumeh Simbar, Mahrokh Dolatian and Farid Zayeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of this project was to examine the qualitative responses of adult women who had seen the feature-length documentary film ‘Embrace’. In addition, to establish the potential for the documentary to be used a...

    Authors: Zali Yager, Ivanka Prichard and Laura M. Hart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To investigate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT), neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) and neoadjuvant chemoendocrine therapy (NCET) on the tumour response, including pathological complete response...

    Authors: Yaling Wang, Lin He, Yuhua Song, Qian Wu, Haiji Wang, Biyuan Zhang and Xuezhen Ma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Healthy aging is particularly important in women, as their life-span is generally longer than men’s, leaving women at higher risk for age-related diseases. Understanding determinants of women’s healthy aging i...

    Authors: Serena Fiacco, Laura Mernone and Ulrike Ehlert

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The recent focus on increasing access to long-acting reversible contraceptive methods has often overlooked the diverse reasons why women may choose less effective methods even when significant access barriers ...

    Authors: Shelly Kaller, Aisha Mays, Lori Freedman, Cynthia C. Harper and M. Antonia Biggs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Women of childbearing age are vulnerable to weight gain. This scoping review examines the extent and range of research undertaken to evaluate behavioral interventions to support women of childbearing age to pr...

    Authors: Melinda J. Hutchesson, Mette de Jonge Mulock Houwer, Hannah M. Brown, Siew Lim, Lisa J. Moran, Lisa Vincze, Megan E. Rollo and Jenna L. Hollis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Most neonatal, infant, and child deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where incidence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is highest in the world. Despite these facts, research regarding wh...

    Authors: Peter Memiah, Tristi Bond, Yvonne Opanga, Caroline Kingori, Courtney Cook, Michelle Mwangi, Nyawira Gitahi-Kamau, Deus Mubangizi and Kevin Owuor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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