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  1. The significance of HPV viral load in the detection of cervical lesions is still controversial. This study analyzed the correlation between the high-risk HPV viral load and different cervical lesion degrees.

    Authors: Yang Liu, Changjun Xu, Jing Pan, Chunyi Sun, Honglin Zhou and Yushi Meng

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research

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  2. Communities exert stigma on mothers after stillbirth despite their potential to offer social support to the grieving family. Maternal healthcare-seeking behaviors are socially reinforced rendering a social net...

    Authors: Eric Ssegujja, Yusuf Mulumba, Sally Guttmacher and Michelle Andipatin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research

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  3. Child marriage is a violation of children’s rights and it exposes them to social isolation and psychological damages. These negative effects are not limited to them and expands to the family and society as wel...

    Authors: Somayyeh Naghizadeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Azam Mohammadi, Marzieh Azizi, Saba Taghizadeh-Milani and Hadiseh Ganbari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research

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  4. Women with an undetectable viral load can become pregnant and have children with no risk of HIV transmission to their sexual partners and low risk of transmission to their infants. Contemporary pregnancy inten...

    Authors: Lashanda Skerritt, Angela Kaida, Nadia O’Brien, Ann N. Burchell, Gillian Bartlett, Édénia Savoie, Isabelle Boucoiran, Rebecca Gormley, Mary Kestler, Deborah Money, Mona Loutfy and Alexandra de Pokomandy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research

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  5. While women are taking a greater role in decisions about menopause symptom management, the legacy of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) studies persist. Despite hormone therapy (HT) being effective in reducin...

    Authors: Rifani B. Natari, Samantha A. Hollingworth, Alexandra M. Clavarino, Kaeleen D. Dingle and Treasure M. McGuire

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research

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  6. Retained products of conception (POC) following uterine evacuation can lead to adverse sequelae, including hemorrhage, endometritis, intrauterine adhesions, and reoperation. Use of procedural transvaginal sono...

    Authors: M. Alyssa Larish, E. Claire Jensen, C. Kristin Mara, C. Isabel Green, R. Matthew Hopkins, K. Shannon Laughlin-Tommaso, L. Tatnai Burnett and M. Daniel Breitkopf

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:347

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Fertility decline characterised by inter-birth intervals remains rather slow or stall in many countries of sub-Saharan African (SSA). Non-adherence to optimal inter-birth intervals often occasioned by low prev...

    Authors: Rotimi Felix Afolabi, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe and Martin Enock Palamuleni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research

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  8. Utilization of basic public health services (BPHS) allows for disease prevention and management and is an essential component for protecting health. Disparities in utilization exist between rural-to-urban migr...

    Authors: Xin Hu, Mei Sun, Siyuan Tang and Lisa L. Lommel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research article

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  9. World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends quality antenatal care (ANC) for all pregnant women, as one of the strategies for achieving targets 3.1 and 3.2 of the sustainable development goals. Maternal mortali...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Kenneth Setorwu Adde and Obidimma Ezezika

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research

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  10. There is limited national representative evidence on determinants of women’s acceptance of wife-beating especially; community level factors are not investigated in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to assess in...

    Authors: Mastewal Arefaynie, Gedamnesh Bitew, Erkihun Tadesse Amsalu, Bereket Kefale, Amare Muche, Zinabu Fentaw, Reta Dewau, Mequannent Sharew Melaku, Melaku Yalew, Bezawit Adane, Metadel Adane, Muluken Genetu Chanie, Wolde Melese Ayele and Yitayish Damtie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research

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  11. The inclusion of protective factors (“assets”) are increasingly supported in developing culturally grounded interventions for American Indian (AI) populations. This study sought to explore AI women’s cultural ...

    Authors: Jennifer Richards, Rachel Strom Chambers, Jaime Lynn Begay, Kendrea Jackson, Lauren Tingey, Hima Patel, Scott Carvajal, Stephanie Russo Carroll, Nicolette Teufel-Shone and Allison Barlow

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Abortion and stillbirths are the common obstetrics condition in Ethiopia and their effect on the next pregnancy was not well identified in resource limited settings. The aim of the study was to assess the effe...

    Authors: Berhanu Elfu Feleke, Teferi Elfu Feleke, Azezu Asres Nigussie and Eyaya Misgan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:340

    Content type: Research

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  13. Reintegrating to society is a significant challenge during burn survivors’ rehabilitation.

    Authors: Masumeh Hemmati Maslakpak, Fardin Ajoudani, Mojgan Lotfi and Vahid Alinejad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research

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  14. Menopause, the absence of ovarian sex steroids, is frequently accompanied by emotional and physiological changes in a woman´s body, as well as oral health changes. The present study aimed to evaluate the assoc...

    Authors: Nil Yakar, Asena Türedi, Gülnur Emingil, Çağdaş Şahin, Timur Köse, Angelika Silbereisen and Nagihan Bostanci

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research

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  15. To date, there is no reliable non-invasive marker for the early detection and diagnosis of endometriosis available possibly resulting in a delayed diagnosis and consequently an unnecessary long ordeal for the ...

    Authors: Lena Birke, Dunja M. Baston-Büst, Jan-Steffen Kruessel, Tanja N. Fehm and Alexandra P. Bielfeld

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Violence against women particularly that is committed by an intimate partner is becoming a social and public health problem across the world. Studies show that the spatial variation in the distribution of dome...

    Authors: Elias Seid, Tesfahun Melese and Kassahun Alemu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoarthritis is a common disease and one of the most important causes of disability in the elderly that negatively affect the quality of their life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectivenes...

    Authors: Seyed Sajad Arfaei Chitkar, Hamid Reza Mohaddes Hakkak, Hassan Saadati, Seyed Hamid Hosseini, Yasaman Jafari and Reza Ganji

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:333

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:349

  18. Paid work is one of the most important aspects in life among working-aged women diagnosed with breast cancer. Despite several attempts, no previous study provides a comprehensive overview from the women’s pers...

    Authors: Agneta Wennman-Larsen, Veronica Svärd, Kristina Alexanderson and Emilie Friberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research

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  19. Women living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are rarely addressed in research and may be overrepresented within key populations requiring additional support to access HCV care and treatment. We constructed the H...

    Authors: Margo E. Pearce, Sofia R. Bartlett, Amanda Yu, Jess Lamb, Cheryl Reitz, Stanley Wong, Maria Alvarez, Mawuena Binka, Héctor Velásquez Garcia, Dahn Jeong, Emilia Clementi, Prince Adu, Hasina Samji, Jason Wong, Jane Buxton, Eric Yoshida…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research

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  20. Decreased ovarian function and reserve is one of the complications of hysterectomy. In this study, we aimed to compare anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) levels between total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), and total ...

    Authors: Zohreh Tavana, Elham Askary, Tahereh Poordast, Maryam Soltani and Farideh Vaziri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research

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  21. Prevention of BC of which the cornerstone is creating awareness and early detection is important in adolescents and young women because of their worse outcomes. Early detection strategies such as mammography a...

    Authors: Ayebo E. Sadoh, Clement Osime, Damian U. Nwaneri, Bamidele C. Ogboghodo, Charles O. Eregie and Osawaru Oviawe

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Menstrual symptoms have been identified as a substantial burden among women of reproductive age, affecting their health status and quality of life globally. A range of menstrual symptoms have been studied as t...

    Authors: Kyoko Shimamoto, Mana Hirano, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Rei Goto and Yutaka Osuga

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:325

    Content type: Research

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  23. Breast cancer incidence rates are increasing in developing countries including India. With 1.3 million new cases of cancer been diagnosed annually, breast cancer is the most common women’s cancer in India. Ind...

    Authors: Jyotsna Negi and Devaki Nambiar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:324

    Content type: Research

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  24. A proportion of women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer choose to undergo breast reconstruction. Evidence suggests that women’s preparedness for this surgery is low and that this may contribute to feelin...

    Authors: Alan D. McCrorie, Aislinn M. Begley, Jingwen J. Chen, Noleen K. McCorry, Glenda Paget and Stuart A. McIntosh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:323

    Content type: Research

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  25. Vulvo-vaginal atrophy (VVA) is one of the common consequences of estrogen deficiency especially after the menopause. Several studies have assessed the effects of Hyaluronic acid (HA) on physical and sexual sym...

    Authors: Nicolas Berreni, Jennifer Salerno, Thierry Chevalier, Sandrine Alonso and Pierre Mares

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Obstetric fistula is an abnormal opening between the vagina and bladder or rectum. Women affected by obstetric fistula are often abandoned by their husbands, stigmatized by the community, physically debilitate...

    Authors: Biruktawit Matiwos, Getachew Tesfaw, Asmare Belete, Dessie Abebaw Angaw and Shegaye Shumet

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The aim of this study is to compare anxiety, depression, body image, self-esteem, sexual function, and quality of life (QoL) between infertile women and control fertile women undergoing tubal ligation (TL) and...

    Authors: Mahnaz Ashrafi, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Negin Mirzaei, Nadia Jahangiri, Samaneh Youseflu and Malihe Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  28. This case report presents a case of Vulvar Crohn’s disease (VCD) in an adolescent, that is an uncommon manifestation of Crohn’s disease (CD) without gastrointestinal symptoms. Before treating CD itself with pr...

    Authors: Suhra Kim, Young Bin Won, Seok Kyo Seo, SiHyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee and Bo Hyon Yun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:316

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Early research suggests the COVID-19 pandemic worsened intimate partner violence (IPV) in the US. In particular, stay-at-home orders and social distancing kept survivors in close proximity to their abusers and...

    Authors: Emma E. Williams, Kaetlyn R. Arant, Valia P. Leifer, Mardi Chadwick Balcom, Nomi C. Levy-Carrick, Annie Lewis-O’Connor and Jeffrey N. Katz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research

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  30. Factors associated with the grief process in response to perinatal loss have been investigated. However, few studies focused on the intrapersonal factors, such as developmental and personality traits. Hence, t...

    Authors: Makiko Kishimoto, Arisa Yamaguchi, Marina Niimura, Miki Mizumoto, Tatsuo Hikitsuchi, Kohei Ogawa, Nobuaki Ozawa and Yoshiyuki Tachibana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) is commonly-seen in the patients with endometrial cancer (EC), we aimed to evaluated the risk factors of EC in patients with EH, to provide evidence to the clinical prevention and ...

    Authors: Jie Zhao, Yongting Hu, Yanan Zhao, Dongmei Chen, Tingfeng Fang and Miao Ding

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research

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  32. Anemia is more prevalent among women, and it is a moderate public health problem in Ethiopia. The wealth status and place of residence of a woman have implications on the intervention of anemia. Studies that e...

    Authors: Teshager Weldegiorgis Abate, Biruk Getahun, Mekuriaw Mesfin Birhan, Getasew Mulatu Aknaw, Sefealem Assefa Belay, Dessalegn Demeke, Dagninet Derebe Abie, Adela Memberu Alemu and Yirga Mengiste

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research

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  33. Reproductive coercion (RC) is a common form of violence against women. It can take several expressions aiming at limiting women’s reproductive autonomy. Thus, the frequency and how reproductive coercion can be...

    Authors: Cecilia Brenner, William J. Ugarte, Ida Carlsson and Mariano Salazar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In sub-Saharan Africa, the use of modern contraception (MC) is a critical intervention aimed at reducing mortality rates associated with unintended, high-risk pregnancies. However, among Congolese women aged 1...

    Authors: Megan G. Butler, Melanie Walker, Lesley A. Pablo and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In October 2019, surgeons from Changi General Hospital (CGH) Breast Centre delivered a series of health talk for its employees to assess the knowledge and perception of breast cancer screening and to improve t...

    Authors: Jeffrey Jun Xian Hing, Wai Peng Lee, Yen Nee Sophia Chua, Pei Ting Tan, Chi Wei Mok, Spoorthi Shetty Sudhakar, Chin Mui Seah and Su-Ming Tan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Studies have examined the impact of contextual factors on the use of contraceptives among adolescents and found that many measures of income and social inequality are associated with contraceptive use. However...

    Authors: Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Luciane Simões Duarte, Alejandra Andrea Roman Lay and Elizabeth Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:307

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Recently, relugolix, an oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor antagonist, has been considered an effective therapy for leiomyoma based on a phase 3 study in Japanese women. Leiomyoma combined with sever...

    Authors: Yukifumi Sasamori, Kohei Takehara, Tsuyoshi Terashima, Takako Onodera, Keita Yatsuki, Ippei Nakagawa, Yuko Takahashi, Haruka Nishida, Takayuki Ichinose, Haruko Hiraike and Kazunori Nagasaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:306

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Around 10% of the female population is estimated to have a subclinical eating disorder. Many of these women are of working age. Previous research has shown associations between unhealthy eating behaviors and o...

    Authors: Mikaela Willmer, Josefin Westerberg Jacobson and Magnus Lindberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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